A Mobile Health Intervention in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
This study proposes the use of a mobile health intervention (utilizing a smart phone app) to encourage increased exercise in PAH patients. The study will be a randomized trial to examine feasibility of an mHealth (mobile device) Fitbit Charge HR and cell phone application intervention to improve step counts and increase participants activity level as compared to no intervention. The Fitbit Charge Heart Rate (HR) monitors activity and the cell phone application provides encouragement notifications to half the subjects while the other half do not receive encouragements.
- Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
- Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
- Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
- Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
- Eligible Ages
- Over 18 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Aged 18 or older.
- Diagnosed with idiopathic, heritable, or associated (connective tissue disease, drugs, or toxins) pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) according to World Health Organization consensus recommendations.
- Stable PAH-specific medication regimen for three months prior to enrollment. Subjects with only a single diuretic adjustment in the prior three months will be included.
- Subjects must own a Bluetooth capable modern smartphone capable of receiving and sending text messages and an active data plan.
- Prohibited from normal activity due to wheelchair bound status, bed bound status, reliance on a cane/walker, activity-limiting angina, activity-limiting osteoarthritis, or other condition.
- Diagnosis of PAH etiology other than idiopathic, heritable, or associated.
- Forced vital capacity <70% predicted.
- Functional class IV heart failure.
- Requirement of > 1 diuretic adjustment in the prior three months.
- Preferred form of activity is not measured by an activity tracker (swimming, yoga, ice skating, stair master, or activities on wheels such as bicycling or rollerblading).
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Parallel Assignment
- Intervention Model Description
- Randomization will occur after a two-week run-in period to improve ability to identify a true baseline step count and account for potential dropout. Participants will be assigned to either the smartphone text messaging or no smartphone text messaging arms in a random manner until 25 participants are enrolled into each arm. Permuted block randomization stratified by functional class (I/II vs. III) will be used to ensure approximate balance of treatment groups within each stratum over time. Randomization will be performed in small blocks, which vary in size. Investigators will be unaware of the size or order of the blocks. Randomization will occur through REDCap by a study coordinator. Although the texting intervention will end after Week 12, subjects in both groups will be asked to continue wearing the Fitbit Charge HR device for an additional 3 weeks to determine whether withdrawal of the texting intervention results in a reduction in step counts.
- Primary Purpose
- Triple (Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
- Masking Description
- Investigators are blinded. Study personnel conducting 6MWT and echo will be blinded.
Smartphone Text Messaging
|Group receives personalized, health coaching via "smart" text messages.||
No Smartphone Text Messaging
|Group does not receive personalized, health coaching via "smart" text messages.||
- NCT ID
- Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Study ContactRezzan Hekmat, MHS
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have severely reduced exercise capacity and reduced quality of life. At diagnosis, most PAH patients are New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III with symptoms of fatigue and shortness of breath with less than ordinary activity. Physical activity confers multiple benefits relevant to PAH pathophysiology including improvements in endothelial function, energy metabolism, and right ventricular (RV) function. Increasing physical activity is highly efficacious in PAH, resulting in six-minute walk distance (6MWD) improvement that exceeds the effect of medications.
The goal of this proposal is to adapt and test the feasibility of our mHealth intervention to increase physical activity in a geographically diverse PAH population. In secondary aims, we will assess conventional PAH trial outcomes (6MWD, quality of life) and physiologic mechanisms by which increasing activity may improve exercise capacity.
The investigator hypothesizes that an mHealth intervention is feasible and will increase physical activity in subjects with PAH. This study proposes a randomized trial of unblinded step tracking with smart texts tracking for 12 weeks. Participants will wear a display-free triaxial accelerometer, which will continuously transmit data to a compatible smartphone (owned by 75% of our PAH population). Efficacy endpoints have been selected to mirror FDA criteria for drug approval in PAH. The following aims will be tested:
Aim 1: To test the feasibility of an mHealth intervention to increase step counts in patients with PAH. Fifty PAH patients will be randomized to the mHealth intervention or usual activity for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint will be daily step count during Week 12. Secondary endpoints will assess step target achievement, daily activity time, and aerobic time. The fidelity of data collection and text transmission will also be assessed.
Aim 2: To examine the effect of an mHealth intervention on exercise capacity and quality of life. Participants will complete a six minute walk test and the emPHasis-10 questionnaire at baseline and 12 weeks. The primary endpoint will be six minute walk distance. Secondary endpoints will be emPHasis-10 quality of life scale score, Borg dyspnea score, and resting heart rate.
Aim 3: To examine the effect of an mHealth intervention on mechanisms of improved exercise capacity. Subjects will undergo echocardiography, blood draw, and body composition assessment. The primary endpoint will be RV longitudinal strain. Secondary endpoints will be the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, lean muscle and fat mass, and B-type natriuretic peptide.