Purpose

The aim of this study is to determine the effects of fluid alternations, hemodynamic changes, mechanical ventilation, pharmacologic agents, positional changes, and comorbidities on the Peripheral Intravenous waveform Analysis (PIVA) signal.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients undergoing right heart catheterization or left and right heart catheterizaton; Age >=18

Exclusion Criteria

  • Cardiac assist devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, ventricular assist devices, and extra corporeal membrane oxygenation), ongoing ACLS, aortic or mitral valve disease greater than mild in severity, aortic or mitral valve replacement, active irregular heart rhythm, patients with restrictive cardiomyopathies (cardiac amyloidosis), constrictive cardiac disease (constrictive pericarditis or cardiac-tamponade), congenital heart disease other than foramen ovale, repaired atrial or ventricular septal defect, female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or patients with known psychiatric or neurological disease who are unable to consent. Patients who do not have a functional peripheral IV as part of standard care. Pressors, starches, lipids, propofol, or D10 or higher running through the PIVA line.

Distributive Shock

Inclusion Criteria:

- Cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac procedures within one hour of arriving in the ICU post-op; Age >=18

Exclusion Criteria:

- Cardiac assist devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, ventricular assist devices, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation), ongoing ACLS, severe tricuspid regurgitation or stenosis, patient with restrictive cardiomyopathies (cardiac amyloidosis), patients receiving pulmonary vasodilators (nitric oxide, sodium nitroprusside, sildenafil), atrial fibrillation, congenital heart disease, female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or patients with known psychiatric or neurological disease who are unable to consent. Patients who do not have a functional peripheral IV as part of standard care.

Vasoactive and Inotropic Agents

Inclusion Criteria:

- Hospitalized patients with central venous access and pulmonary arterial catheter in place, requiring infusion of vasoactive and/or inotropic agents; Age >=18

Exclusion Criteria:

- Cardiac assist devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, ventricular assist devices, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation), ongoing ACLS, severe tricuspid regurgitation or stenosis, patient with restrictive cardiomyopathies (cardiac amyloidosis), patients receiving pulmonary vasodilators (nitric oxide, sodium nitroprusside, sildenafil), atrial fibrillation, congenital heart disease, female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or patients with known psychiatric or neurological disease who are unable to consent. Patients who do not have a functional peripheral IV as part of standard care.

Congestive Heart Failure

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients presenting to Vanderbilt University Medical Center with the diagnosis of congestive heart failure and present with symptoms of fluid overload; Age>=18

Exclusion Criteria:

- Cardiac assist devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, ventricular assist devices, and extra corporeal membrane oxygenation), ongoing ACLS, active irregular heart rhythm, patient with restrictive cardiomyopathies (cardiac amyloidosis), or constrictive cardiac disease (constrictive pericarditis or cardiac tamponade), congenital heart disease other than foramen ovale, repaired atrial or ventricular septal defect, female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or patients with known psychiatric or neurological disease who are unable to consent. Patients who do not have a functional peripheral IV as part of standard care.

Atrial Fibrillation (undergoing elective direct current cardio version)

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing direct current cardioversion; Age >=18

Exclusion Criteria:

- Cardiac assist devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, ventricular assist devices, and extra corporeal membrane oxygenation), ongoing ACLS, patients with restrictive cardiomyopathies (cardiac amyloidosis) or constrictive cardiac disease (constrictive pericarditis or cardiac tamponade), congenital heart disease other than foramen ovale, repaired atrial or ventricular septal defect, female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or patients with known psychiatric or neurological disease who are unable to consent. Patients who do not have a functional peripheral IV as part of standard care.

Patients undergoing Surgery

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients presenting for surgery requiring positive pressure ventilation and arterial line placement; Age >=18

Exclusion Criteria:

- Cardiac assist devices (intra-aortic balloon pump, ventricular assist devices, and extra corporeal membrane oxygenation), ongoing ACLS, patients with restrictive cardiomyopathies (cardiac amyloidosis) or constrictive cardiac disease (constrictive pericarditis or cardiac tamponade), active irregular cardiac rhythm, congenital heart disease other than foramen ovale , repaired atrial or ventricular septal defect, female patients who are pregnant or lactating, patients with known psychiatric or neurological disease who are unable to consent, or any other medical condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would place the patient at undue risk from participation in the trial. Patients who do not have a functional peripheral IV as part of standard care.

Study Design

Phase
Study Type
Observational
Observational Model
Cohort
Time Perspective
Prospective

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Cardiac Catheterization
  • Procedure: Peripheral Intravenous Analysis (PIVA)
    Non-invasive measurement of peripheral venous waveform analysis (PIVA) obtained by connecting a standard transducer (AD Instruments, Colorado Springs, Co) to a universal adaptor or stopcock on a peripheral IV
  • Procedure: Standard of care invasive vascular monitoring
    Standard of care invasive monitoring in the intensive care settings with central venous catheters, pulmonary artery catheters, or trans-esophageal echocardiography for determining volume status.
  • Procedure: Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring
    Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse oximetry and respiratory rate.
Distributive shock
  • Procedure: Peripheral Intravenous Analysis (PIVA)
    Non-invasive measurement of peripheral venous waveform analysis (PIVA) obtained by connecting a standard transducer (AD Instruments, Colorado Springs, Co) to a universal adaptor or stopcock on a peripheral IV
  • Procedure: Standard of care invasive vascular monitoring
    Standard of care invasive monitoring in the intensive care settings with central venous catheters, pulmonary artery catheters, or trans-esophageal echocardiography for determining volume status.
  • Procedure: Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring
    Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse oximetry and respiratory rate.
Vasoactive and inotropic agents
  • Procedure: Peripheral Intravenous Analysis (PIVA)
    Non-invasive measurement of peripheral venous waveform analysis (PIVA) obtained by connecting a standard transducer (AD Instruments, Colorado Springs, Co) to a universal adaptor or stopcock on a peripheral IV
  • Procedure: Standard of care invasive vascular monitoring
    Standard of care invasive monitoring in the intensive care settings with central venous catheters, pulmonary artery catheters, or trans-esophageal echocardiography for determining volume status.
  • Procedure: Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring
    Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse oximetry and respiratory rate.
Congestive heart failure
  • Procedure: Peripheral Intravenous Analysis (PIVA)
    Non-invasive measurement of peripheral venous waveform analysis (PIVA) obtained by connecting a standard transducer (AD Instruments, Colorado Springs, Co) to a universal adaptor or stopcock on a peripheral IV
  • Procedure: Standard of care invasive vascular monitoring
    Standard of care invasive monitoring in the intensive care settings with central venous catheters, pulmonary artery catheters, or trans-esophageal echocardiography for determining volume status.
  • Procedure: Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring
    Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse oximetry and respiratory rate.
Atrial fibrillation Patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing elective direct current cardioversion
  • Procedure: Peripheral Intravenous Analysis (PIVA)
    Non-invasive measurement of peripheral venous waveform analysis (PIVA) obtained by connecting a standard transducer (AD Instruments, Colorado Springs, Co) to a universal adaptor or stopcock on a peripheral IV
  • Procedure: Standard of care invasive vascular monitoring
    Standard of care invasive monitoring in the intensive care settings with central venous catheters, pulmonary artery catheters, or trans-esophageal echocardiography for determining volume status.
  • Procedure: Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring
    Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse oximetry and respiratory rate.
Patients undergoing surgery Patients undergoing surgery requiring positive pressure ventilation and arterial line placement
  • Procedure: Peripheral Intravenous Analysis (PIVA)
    Non-invasive measurement of peripheral venous waveform analysis (PIVA) obtained by connecting a standard transducer (AD Instruments, Colorado Springs, Co) to a universal adaptor or stopcock on a peripheral IV
  • Procedure: Standard of care invasive vascular monitoring
    Standard of care invasive monitoring in the intensive care settings with central venous catheters, pulmonary artery catheters, or trans-esophageal echocardiography for determining volume status.
  • Procedure: Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring
    Standard noninvasive vascular monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse oximetry and respiratory rate.

Recruiting Locations

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee 37212
Contact:
Kelly L. Mishra, MD
615-322-4056
kelly.mishra@vumc.org

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03407287
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Study Contact

Kelly L. Mishra, MD
615-322-4056
kelly.mishra@vumc.org

Detailed Description

Intravascular volume status determination remains elusive. Standard vital sign monitoring, including heart rate and blood pressure, fails to detect intravascular volume depletion and volume overload. Likewise, invasive monitoring is fraught with risk including vascular injury and central line associated infections. As such, a minimally-invasive mechanism to overcome the barriers of standard monitoring to detect volume status derangement, would be highly valuable. The goal of the study is to perform a series of observational feasibility studies in healthy and hospitalized subjects to determine effects of fluid alternations, hemodynamic changes, mechanical ventilation, pharmacologic agents, positional changes, and comorbidities on the PIVA signal

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.