Efficacy of Guanfacine and Lidocaine Combination in Trigeminal Nerve Block for Pain Management in Trigeminal Neuropathy

Purpose

A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) identified an association between a loss of function variant in the human alpha 2B adrenergic receptor gene and trigeminal nerve disorders. Guanfacine is the oldest alpha-2 adrenergic agonist in clinical use and is approved for hypertension and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. We hypothesize that guanfacine will be an effective adjunct to lidocaine for the treatment of neuropathic pain by enhancing and prolonging pain relief due to its activation of alpha-2 adrenergic receptors. The objectives of the study will be to evaluate the efficacy and safety of guanfacine in combination with lidocaine for trigeminal nerve block procedures for pain management in trigeminal neuralgia patients. This study will evaluate the efficacy of guanfacine in reducing acute pain and extending duration of pain relief when delivered in combination with lidocaine as a trigeminal nerve block, measured by Visual Analog Scale (VAS) data collected at specific time points after each injection.

Condition

  • Trigeminal Neuralgia

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 65 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Ability to understand and read English - History of painful trigeminal neuropathy with persistent background facial pain severity > 5/10 on VAS - Experience pain with a score of greater than 5 on a 0-10 scale (VAS) in the previous 24 hours before procedural treatment and at the time of procedural treatment. - Eligible for trigeminal nerve block procedure and have not had a trigeminal nerve block procedure for pain management prior to the enrollment in the current study. - Able to provide informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Presence of a significant structural lesion (e.g., tumor) as the cause of pain as shown in at least one neuroimaging study. - Current diagnosis of fibromyalgia, temporomandibular disorders (TMD), odontogenic pain or other orofacial pain deemed unrelated to the trigeminal nerve as the origin. - Allergy or any other hypersensitivity reactions to guanfacine or lidocaine or local anesthetic of the amide type, or to both iodinated contrast and gadolinium contrast. - Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding and/or plan to become pregnant or to breastfeed during study participation. - Participation in another investigational drug study within 30 days before randomization. - Inability to understand the requirements of the study, inability to abide by the study restrictions, inability to fill out the questionnaires, or inability to return for the required treatments. - Any clinically significant medical or surgical condition that in the investigator's opinion could interfere with the administration of study drug, interpretation of study results, or compromise the safety or well-being of the subject (i.e. infection, unable to stop anticoagulants). - No reliable access to telephone service to allow for contact with study personnel.

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Crossover Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Lidocaine then Lidocaine + Guanfacine
Trigeminal nerve block will be performed with injection of 6 mL of 1% lidocaine (Day 1). Patient will return between Day 15-28 and trigeminal nerve block will be performed with injection of 6 mL of 1% lidocaine + 250 mcg guanfacine.
  • Drug: Lidocaine
    6 mL of 1% lidocaine
    Other names:
    • Xylocaine
  • Drug: Guanfacine
    250 mcg
Experimental
Lidocaine + Guanfacine then Lidocaine
Trigeminal nerve block will be performed with injection of 6 mL of 1% lidocaine + 250 mcg guanfacine (Day 1). Patient will return between Day 15-28 and trigeminal nerve block will be performed with injection of 6 mL of 1% lidocaine.
  • Drug: Lidocaine
    6 mL of 1% lidocaine
    Other names:
    • Xylocaine
  • Drug: Guanfacine
    250 mcg

Recruiting Locations

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee 37203

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Study Contact

Patricia Hendricks
615-936-2831
patty.hendricks@vumc.org