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506 matching studies

Condition of Interest
Memantine for the Treatment of Cognitive Impairment in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) identified an association between a variant in the human gene for the N2A subunit of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, GRIN2A, and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in this gene encodes for increased NMDA receptor... expand

A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) identified an association between a variant in the human gene for the N2A subunit of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, GRIN2A, and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in this gene encodes for increased NMDA receptor activity. Based on the potential function of the associated SNP and published literature, alterations in SNP function signaling may underlie a cluster of symptoms. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of memantine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, in a precise patient subset with SLE. Participants will complete a full 14-week clinical trial, receiving either memantine or a placebo. Participants' blood will be drawn to test for various antibodies as well as organ function. Patients' urine will also be collected to assess organ function and pregnancy for females at a number of specific time points. The overall goal is to develop a safe and inexpensive therapeutic approach to reduce debilitating cognitive symptoms in a precisely selected SLE sub-population.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2018

open study

Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative 3 (ADNI3)
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Alzheimer's Disease (AD)
Since its launch in 2004, the overarching aim of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) has been realized in informing the design of therapeutic trials in AD. ADNI3 continues the previously funded ADNI-1, ADNI-GO, and ADNI-2 studies that have been combined public/private collaborations... expand

Since its launch in 2004, the overarching aim of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) has been realized in informing the design of therapeutic trials in AD. ADNI3 continues the previously funded ADNI-1, ADNI-GO, and ADNI-2 studies that have been combined public/private collaborations between academia and industry to determine the relationships between the clinical, cognitive, imaging, genetic and biochemical biomarker characteristics of the entire spectrum of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The overall goal of the study is to continue to discover, optimize, standardize, and validate clinical trial measures and biomarkers used in AD research.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2016

open study

Computerized Memory Enhancing Treatment in MCI
Mild Cognitive Impairment
The investigators propose to apply neuroplasticity-based computerized cognitive remediation (nCCR) to improve memory function in patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). expand

The investigators propose to apply neuroplasticity-based computerized cognitive remediation (nCCR) to improve memory function in patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

Effect of PDE5 Inhibition on Adipose Metabolism in Humans
Obesity
This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of the effects of PDE5 inhibition with tadalafil on adipose tissue in obese individuals. Adipose metabolism will be measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and by aspirating a small amount of adipose to measure gene expression. expand

This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of the effects of PDE5 inhibition with tadalafil on adipose tissue in obese individuals. Adipose metabolism will be measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and by aspirating a small amount of adipose to measure gene expression.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Cognitive Enhancement in Depression (The COG-D Study)
Aging Depression Cognitive Symptom
This study will investigate whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) enhances the effects of cognitive training in older adults with depression. expand

This study will investigate whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) enhances the effects of cognitive training in older adults with depression.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2023

open study

The Electronic Medical Records and GEnomics (eMERGE) Network Genomic Risk Assessment
Genetic Disease
The eMERGE Network embraces the opportunity to use new methods in genomic medicine, information science, and research participant engagement to identify people at very high risk for specific diseases and recommend individualized approaches to prevention and care. The investigators will conduct a prospective... expand

The eMERGE Network embraces the opportunity to use new methods in genomic medicine, information science, and research participant engagement to identify people at very high risk for specific diseases and recommend individualized approaches to prevention and care. The investigators will conduct a prospective study, with diverse and underserved participants, across ten eMERGE study sites to evaluate clinical implementation of a Genome Informed Risk Assessment (GIRA) tool that combines genetic, family history, and clinical risk information from participants.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2022

open study

2-HOBA Phase 2 Clinical Trial in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
This is a phase 2 study to determine 2-HOBA's tolerability, safety, and effect on isoLG-adducts in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Up to 32 subjects will be randomized to 750mg 2-HOBA or matching placebo three times a day for 4 weeks. As primary outcome measures investigators will... expand

This is a phase 2 study to determine 2-HOBA's tolerability, safety, and effect on isoLG-adducts in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Up to 32 subjects will be randomized to 750mg 2-HOBA or matching placebo three times a day for 4 weeks. As primary outcome measures investigators will compare tolerability and adverse events and changes in isoLG adducts in active and placebo arms. Among prespecified exploratory outcomes investigators will compare changes in markers of inflammation, DAS28 score, and 24-hour blood pressure in active and placebo arms. This pilot study will inform the feasibility and design of future studies to examine the efficacy of 2-HOBA in RA patients.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

Technology Based Sedentary Reduction Intervention in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes Sedentary Behavior Physical Activity
The purpose of this study is to develop and test an 8-week sedentary behavior reduction intervention ("Sit Less" program) for patients with type 2 diabetes. The program aims to reduce and break sitting times among this population using an objective activity monitor and mHealth. The investigators will... expand

The purpose of this study is to develop and test an 8-week sedentary behavior reduction intervention ("Sit Less" program) for patients with type 2 diabetes. The program aims to reduce and break sitting times among this population using an objective activity monitor and mHealth. The investigators will test the program to help diabetes patients break up sitting time, reduce daily sitting time, and move more. The investigators will also study preliminary effects of the SB reduction intervention on light physical activity, cardiometabolic markers and patient-centered outcomes, and whether diabetes patients like the program and can follow it.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2023

open study

EMT en Español for Spanish-speaking Toddlers With Language Delays
Language Development Disorders
The goal of the study is to conduct an initial efficacy study of a promising therapist and caregiver-implemented communication intervention to improve language and school readiness skills in low-income Spanish-speaking children with receptive and expressive language delays (ages 30 to 36 months).... expand

The goal of the study is to conduct an initial efficacy study of a promising therapist and caregiver-implemented communication intervention to improve language and school readiness skills in low-income Spanish-speaking children with receptive and expressive language delays (ages 30 to 36 months). The proposed randomized trial compares the effects of a caregiver plus therapist implemented EMT en Español intervention to a community based "business as usual" control group at four time points (pre- intervention, post-intervention, 6 month follow-up, 12 month follow-up) in a sample of 84 low-income, Spanish-speaking families and their toddlers with receptive and expressive language delays.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2019

open study

Assessment of the Ocular Microbiome in Health and Disease
Microbial Colonization Eye Diseases Ophthalmopathy
The objective of this application is to illustrate the core constituents of the ocular surface microbiome, describe factors that promote colonization, and assess the ocular microbiome's role in the health of the anterior segment. We will conduct a prospective, observational cohort study, including... expand

The objective of this application is to illustrate the core constituents of the ocular surface microbiome, describe factors that promote colonization, and assess the ocular microbiome's role in the health of the anterior segment. We will conduct a prospective, observational cohort study, including a longitudinal analysis of the ocular microbiome in adults.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Sep 2023

open study

Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Essential Tremor and Parkinsonian Tremor
Tremor Essential Tremor Parkinson Disease Radiosurgery Quality of Life
The purpose of this study is to determine the changes in quality of life and degree of tremor for patients with essential tremor or Parkinsonian tremor who are treated by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). This is a questionnaire-based study. Please see Detailed Description below for more information. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine the changes in quality of life and degree of tremor for patients with essential tremor or Parkinsonian tremor who are treated by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). This is a questionnaire-based study. Please see Detailed Description below for more information.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Feb 2013

open study

Imaging Sodium and Lymphatics in Lymphedema
Lymphedema of Leg Lymphedema, Secondary Lymphedema Related Fibrosis
Recent evidence supports lymphatic regulation of tissue sodium handling, however fundamental gaps persist in knowledge regarding the role of lymphatics in human diseases of sodium dysregulation. The goal of this work is to apply novel, noninvasive imaging tools to measure relationships between lymphatic... expand

Recent evidence supports lymphatic regulation of tissue sodium handling, however fundamental gaps persist in knowledge regarding the role of lymphatics in human diseases of sodium dysregulation. The goal of this work is to apply novel, noninvasive imaging tools to measure relationships between lymphatic function and tissue sodium in patients with well-characterized lymphedema. Findings are intended to inform mechanisms of lymphatic clearance of tissue sodium, and provide novel imaging biomarkers of lymphedema progression and treatment response.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2021

open study

Interventions for Reading Disabilities in NF1
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Learning Disability Reading Disability NF1
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic disorder that is associated with a four times greater risk of learning disabilities, including reading disabilities, and a deficiency of neurofibromin - a protein important in a signaling pathway that regulates learning and memory. Our previous work... expand

Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic disorder that is associated with a four times greater risk of learning disabilities, including reading disabilities, and a deficiency of neurofibromin - a protein important in a signaling pathway that regulates learning and memory. Our previous work (NS49096) demonstrated that school-age children with NF+RD can respond to standard phonologically-based reading tutoring originally developed to treat reading disability in the general population. Combining our work with that by other researchers suggesting that a medication (Lovastatin) may counteract the effects of the deficient neurofibromin, and possibly ameliorate learning disabilities in NF1, the investigator propose to examine the synergistic effects of medication plus reading tutoring.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2016

open study

Trial-Ready Cohort-Down Syndrome (TRC-DS)
Down Syndrome Alzheimer Disease Dementia
The purpose of the Trial-Ready Cohort - Down Syndrome (TRC-DS) is to enroll 120 healthy adults with Down syndrome (DS), between the ages of 25-55, into a trial ready cohort (TRC), and up to 250 participants in total including co-enrolled in the Alzheimer Biomarkers Consortium - Down Syndrome (ABC-DS)... expand

The purpose of the Trial-Ready Cohort - Down Syndrome (TRC-DS) is to enroll 120 healthy adults with Down syndrome (DS), between the ages of 25-55, into a trial ready cohort (TRC), and up to 250 participants in total including co-enrolled in the Alzheimer Biomarkers Consortium - Down Syndrome (ABC-DS) study. Participants enrolled in the TRC-DS will undergo longitudinal cognitive and clinical assessment, genetic and biomarker testing, as well as imaging and biospecimen collection. Using these outcome measures, researchers will analyze the relationships between cognitive measures and biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to identify endpoints for AD clinical trials in DS that best reflect disease progression. To learn more about the study and participating sites, visit our study website at: https://www.trcds.org/. TRC-DS is collaborating with the Alzheimer's Disease Biomarker Consortium-Down Syndrome (ABC-DS) to allow study participants to be concurrently enrolled in both ABC-DS and TRC-DS, referred to as "co-enrollment". ABC-DS is a longitudinal, observational research study that is overseen at University of Pittsburgh Coordinating Center. ABC-DS participants who express interest in potentially joining a clinical trial in the future and who meet TRC-DS eligibility criteria, may choose to co-enroll in TRC-DS at an ABC-DS Site. Co-enrolled participants will adhere to the ABC-DS protocol and schedule of activities, but agree to share their data with the TRC-DS team and to receive invitations for future participation in clinical trials. Fore more information on ABC-DS please visit https://www.nia.nih.gov/research/abc-ds or http://abcds.pitt.edu/.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study

Levocarnitine for Dry Eye in Sjogren's Syndrome
Sjogren's Syndrome Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
This study evaluates the effectiveness of levocarnitine in the treatment of dry eye in adults with Sjogren's syndrome. This will be a crossover study design with all participants receiving both levocarnitine and placebo. expand

This study evaluates the effectiveness of levocarnitine in the treatment of dry eye in adults with Sjogren's syndrome. This will be a crossover study design with all participants receiving both levocarnitine and placebo.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2021

open study

MOdification Of THe Early-Life Respiratory Microbiome Through Vaginal SEEDing
Cesarean Section Vaginal Seeding Nose Microbiome
This is a single-center, parallel-arm, blind, sham-controlled, feasibility randomized controlled trial (RCT) to be conducted in healthy cesarean-born infants. Eligible infants will be randomized 1:1 to have their nose swabbed with either maternal vaginal secretions or a sterile swab (intervention... expand

This is a single-center, parallel-arm, blind, sham-controlled, feasibility randomized controlled trial (RCT) to be conducted in healthy cesarean-born infants. Eligible infants will be randomized 1:1 to have their nose swabbed with either maternal vaginal secretions or a sterile swab (intervention vs. control group, respectively) following birth by cesarean section (C-section). The main hypothesis is that conducting an RCT assessing the utility of vaginal seeding in modifying the early-life upper respiratory tract (URT) microbiome of infants born by C-section is feasible and that the intervention is safe.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2022

open study

Doravirine for Persons With Excessive Weight Gain on Integrase Inhibitors and Tenofovir Alafenamide
HIV Infections
The primary purpose of this study is to see if people with HIV who had a significant weight gain after starting INSTI (integrase strand transfer inhibitor)+TAF/FTC (tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine) (TAF/3TC (lamivudine)) regimen could either slow their rate of weight gain or lose weight within... expand

The primary purpose of this study is to see if people with HIV who had a significant weight gain after starting INSTI (integrase strand transfer inhibitor)+TAF/FTC (tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine) (TAF/3TC (lamivudine)) regimen could either slow their rate of weight gain or lose weight within about 1 year if they switch to a regimen containing doravirine (DOR; a newer, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor medication). The study will also try to see if participants changing from TAF/FTC (or TAF/3TC) to TDF/FTC (or TDF/3TC) will experience less additional weight gain or a reduction in overall body weight at 48 weeks compared to persons continued on an INSTI + TAF/FTC (or TAF/3TC) combination. INSTINs assessed in A5391 include bictegravir (BIC), dolutegravir (DTG), or raltegravir (RAL). Additionally, the study will see whether a change in ART can affect things like waist circumference, metabolic and cardiovascular health, fat and lean mass body composition, bone health, and maintenance of virologic suppression. Finally, the study will look at the safety and tolerability of DOR plus either TAF/FTC (or TAF/3TC) versus TDF/FTC (or TDF/3TC).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2021

open study

18 Month Prospective Efficacy and Safety Study of Bimatoprost Intracameral Implant (DURYSTA)
Open-angle Glaucoma Ocular Hypertension
Study to collect effectiveness and safety data after administration of a bimatoprost intracameral implant in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). expand

Study to collect effectiveness and safety data after administration of a bimatoprost intracameral implant in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT).

Type: Observational

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Respiratory Strength Training in Heart Transplant Recipients
Dysphagia Heart Transplant Recipients
This research study is investigating whether completing breathing exercises before surgery helps heart transplant patients recover after surgery. Previous studies have shown that breathing exercises can improve breathing, cough, and swallow function in patients with other diseases/conditions. The... expand

This research study is investigating whether completing breathing exercises before surgery helps heart transplant patients recover after surgery. Previous studies have shown that breathing exercises can improve breathing, cough, and swallow function in patients with other diseases/conditions. The current study will investigate the impact of a preoperative respiratory muscle strength training program on breathing and cough function, swallow function, patient-reported eating and swallowing fatigue, and health outcomes in individuals undergoing heart transplantation. Participants will: - undergo tests of breathing, cough, and swallow function - complete questionnaires about the treatment, their swallow function - complete breathing exercises daily

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2024

open study

Multi-Center Study of Panosyl-Isomaltooligosaccharides Adjunctive to PPI Therapy to Treat GERD
Gastroesophageal Reflux
This study will be conducted as a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of MHS-1031 on heartburn-free days in subjects with GERD-related heartburn symptoms. expand

This study will be conducted as a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of MHS-1031 on heartburn-free days in subjects with GERD-related heartburn symptoms.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2023

open study

American Lung Association (ALA) Lung Health Cohort
Lung Diseases
The ALA-LHC is a longitudinal, multi-center cohort study that will enroll approximately 4,000 young adults between the ages of 25-35 who do not have severe lung disease. The overarching objective of the ALA-LHC is to establish a national cohort of young adults for the purpose of defining lung health... expand

The ALA-LHC is a longitudinal, multi-center cohort study that will enroll approximately 4,000 young adults between the ages of 25-35 who do not have severe lung disease. The overarching objective of the ALA-LHC is to establish a national cohort of young adults for the purpose of defining lung health and developing targets to intercept chronic lung disease at its earliest stages.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2021

open study

Systems Biology of Early Atopy
Allergic Diseases Food Allergy Atopic Dermatitis
The goal of this study is to establish a birth cohort that collects prenatal and early life biosamples and environmental samples and rigorously phenotypes young children for food allergy and Atopic Dermatitis (AD) to identify prenatal and early life markers of high risk for food allergy and AD, as... expand

The goal of this study is to establish a birth cohort that collects prenatal and early life biosamples and environmental samples and rigorously phenotypes young children for food allergy and Atopic Dermatitis (AD) to identify prenatal and early life markers of high risk for food allergy and AD, as well as biological pathways (endotypes) that result in these conditions. Primary Objectives: - To study the role and interrelationships of established and novel clinical, environmental, biological, and genetic prenatal and early-life factors in the development of allergic diseases through age 3 years, with an emphasis on atopic dermatitis and food allergy - To apply systems biology to identify mechanisms and biomarkers underlying the development of food allergy, atopic dermatitis, and their endotypes - To collect, process, and assay or store environmental and biological samples for current and future use in the study of allergic disease development

Type: Observational

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Risk and Resilience in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Genetically Susceptible Individuals
Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Unaffected Mutation Carriers: Healthy Participants With a Known BMPR2 Gene Mutation and Normal Pulmonary Pressure and RV Function on Echo Healthy Individuals With no Cardiopulmonary Disease
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe disease with a delayed diagnosis and markedly elevated mortality. High-risk populations, such as those with known genetic defects, provide a unique opportunity to determine the features of susceptibility and resilience to PAH. This proposal will fundamentally... expand

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe disease with a delayed diagnosis and markedly elevated mortality. High-risk populations, such as those with known genetic defects, provide a unique opportunity to determine the features of susceptibility and resilience to PAH. This proposal will fundamentally overturn the prevailing understanding of PAH by creating molecularly-driven signatures of susceptibility and resilience, provide novel insight into disease severity, and potentially identify new therapeutic targets. Funding Source - FDA OOPD

Type: Observational

Start Date: Nov 2022

open study

Empiric Versus Selective Prevention Strategies for Kidney Stone Disease
Kidney Stones Nephrolithiasis
The aims of this study are to 1) Conduct a randomized clinical trial of selective versus empiric diet plus pharmacologic therapy in high-risk stone formers and 2) Determine adverse effects from, and adherence to selective and empiric strategies. expand

The aims of this study are to 1) Conduct a randomized clinical trial of selective versus empiric diet plus pharmacologic therapy in high-risk stone formers and 2) Determine adverse effects from, and adherence to selective and empiric strategies.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

AHEAD 3-45 Study: A Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Treatment With Lecanemab in Participants...
Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Early Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease
The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo... expand

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo in reducing brain amyloid accumulation as measured by amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) at 216 weeks of treatment (A3 Trial). This study will also evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of lecanemab in participants enrolled in the Extension Phase.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study