The Natriuretic Peptide Response to Saline Infusion

Purpose

The primary objective is to evaluate the overarching hypothesis that obese and black individuals have relatively lower circulating natriuretic peptide levels compared with lean and white individuals. Conventional clinical assays for measurement of circulating natriuretic peptides display substantial overlap, precluding determination of the basis of the relative natriuretic peptide deficiency previously observed in these groups. We will study lean or obese, black or white, healthy adult subjects with intravenous (IV) saline infusion as a stimulus for natriuretic peptide production and release. We will measure circulating levels of natriuretic peptide isoforms using mass spectrometry that allows the specific identification of proBNP 1-108 and its cleavage product BNP 1-32.

Condition

  • Obesity

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 65 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age between 18 and 65 years; - BMI between 18 and 25 (lean) or 30 and 40 kg/m2 (obese); - self-reported race of either black or white; - otherwise healthy with no chronic comorbidities.

Exclusion Criteria

  • History of diabetes mellitus - Currently pregnant - History of cardiac disorder including heart failure, cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, abnormal stress test, uncontrolled arrhythmia or arrhythmia requiring treatment, congenital heart disease, pericardial disease. - History of hypertension defined as taking anti-hypertensive medications or untreated hypertension with systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mm Hg at most recent clinical visit or screening visit. - Obstructive lung disease - History of chronic kidney disease - History of liver disease or cirrhosis - Uncontrolled thyroid dysfunction - History of solid organ transplant - History of malignancy other than basal or squamous cell skin cancer - Inability to lie flat for 6 hours

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
N/A
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Other
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Other
Saline
Each participant will receive a saline infusion of normal saline 0.9%NaCl
  • Drug: Normal Saline 0.9% Infusion Solution Bag
    Participants will receive a normal saline infusion at a rate of 10ml per unit of body surface area per minute for 120 minutes.

Recruiting Locations

Vanderbilt Univeristy
Nashville, Tennessee 37203
Contact:
Deepak Gupta, MD
615-936-2530
d.gupta@vumc.org

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Study Contact

Deepak K Gupta, MD, MSCI
6159362530
d.gupta@vumc.org