Purpose

The Prophylactic Antibiotic Regimens in Tumor Surgery (PARITY) trial is the first ever international multi-center randomized controlled trial in bone cancer surgery. In order to avoid amputation for bone cancer in the leg, complex limb-saving operations are performed. However, infections with devastating complications following surgery are common. Surgeons from across the world will randomize patients to receive either short- or long-duration antibiotic regimens after surgery with the goal of identifying the best regimen to reduce these infections.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 12 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • primary bone malignancies or aggressive benign bone tumors of the femur or tibia, soft-tissue sarcomas which have invaded the femur or tibia, or oligometastatic bone disease of the femur or tibia in a patient expected to live at least one year post-operatively; and
  • treatment by surgical excision and endoprosthetic replacement of the femur or tibia.

Exclusion Criteria

  • current known Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) colonization;
  • current known Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) colonization;
  • documented anaphylaxis or angioedema to penicillin or cefazolin (Ancef);
  • current surgical procedure is a revision surgery for implant failure or infection;
  • prior local infection within the surgical field of the affected limb;
  • current known immunologically-deficient disease conditions (not including recent chemotherapy);
  • known renal insufficiency with estimated creatinine clearance (eGRF) of less than 54 mL/min;
  • reconstruction to include structural allograft;
  • enrolled in a competing study; and
  • weight of less than or equal to 45 kg (for sites using cefuroxime only).

Study Design

Phase
Phase 3
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Prevention
Masking
Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Active Comparator
Short-Arm Antibiotic Regimen
Intervention: 24-Hour Prophylactic Cefazolin* Antibiotic Regimen *or another cephalosporin with equivalent gram-positive coverage in centers where cefazolin is not routinely used or not approved for use
  • Drug: 24-Hour Prophylactic Cefazolin* Antibiotic Regimen
    Pre-Operative Antibiotic Regimen: Patients will receive 2g (or a weight-based dose based on 100mg/kg/day with a maximum single dose of 2g if < 18 years old) of IV cefazolin within 60 minutes prior to the procedure. No other pre-operative antibiotics will be administered. Intra-Operative Antibiotic Regimen: Patients will receive 2g (or a weight-based dose based on 100mg/kg/day with a maximum single dose of 2g if < 18 years old) of IV cefazolin every 3-4 hours. No other intra-operative antibiotics will be administered. Post-Operative Antibiotic Regimen: Patients will receive 2g (or a weight-based dose based on 100mg/kg/day with a maximum single dose of 2g if < 18 years old) of IV cefazolin every 8 hours for 24 hours followed by IV saline for 4 days. No other post-operative antibiotics will be administered.
    Other names:
    • ANCEF ®
Experimental
Long-Arm Antibiotic Regimen
Intervention: 5-Days Prophylactic Cefazolin* Antibiotic Regimen *or another cephalosporin with equivalent gram-positive coverage in centers where cefazolin is not routinely used or not approved for use
  • Drug: 5-Days Prophylactic Cefazolin* Antibiotic Regimen
    Pre-Operative Antibiotic Regimen: Patients will receive 2g (or a weight-based dose based on 100mg/kg/day with a maximum single dose of 2g if < 18 years old) of IV cefazolin within 60 minutes prior to the procedure. No other pre-operative antibiotics will be administered. Intra-Operative Antibiotic Regimen: Patients will receive 2g (or a weight-based dose based on 100mg/kg/day with a maximum single dose of 2g if < 18 years old) of IV cefazolin every 3-4 hours. No other intra-operative antibiotics will be administered. Post-Operative Antibiotic Regimen: Patients will receive 2g (or a weight-based dose based on 100mg/kg/day with a maximum single dose of 2g if < 18 years old) of IV cefazolin every 8 hours for 5 days. No other post-operative antibiotics will be administered.
    Other names:
    • ANCEF ®

Recruiting Locations

Vanderbilt Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8774

More Details

NCT ID
NCT01479283
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
McMaster University

Study Contact

Tricia Schneider, B.Sc
(905) 527-4322
schnep@mcmaster.ca

Detailed Description

Long-bone sarcomas were historically managed with amputation. In the current era of osteosarcoma management, amputations are generally avoided by complex surgeries in which the malignancy is removed and the limb is reconstructed with advanced surgical techniques. This process of limb salvage is possible with improvements in chemotherapeutic regimens, advanced imaging techniques and surgical innovations such as modular metallic implants. However, the risk for surgical complications is high due to the complexity of the surgeries themselves. The most common and devastating complication is a surgical site infection. Background work and data from our pilot study indicates that infection rates approach 15%. Multiple surgical attempts at eradication of the infection fail in 50% of these cases, resulting in amputation. Published guidelines for post-operative antibiotic prophylaxis following many standard and less complex elective surgical procedures dictate that prophylactic antibiotics be discontinued after 24 hours. However, the most effective duration of treatment in sarcoma surgery has not previously been examined. Given the limitations of the evidence, it has not been possible for orthopaedic oncologists to draw firm conclusions and, therefore, clinical practice is highly varied, particularly with respect to antibiotic duration. Our international, multi-center randomized controlled trial will determine whether a 5-day regimen of post-operative prophylactic antibiotics in comparison to a standard 24-hour regimen decreases the rate of surgical site infections after limb salvage surgery within 1-year follow-up.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.