Purpose

The investigators will test the hypothesis that acute central acetylcholinesterase inhibition will restore PNS activity and reduce oxidation in AAW compared to whites.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 60 Years
Eligible Genders
Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  • Female
  • African American or white (race will be self-defined, but only subjects who report both parents of the same race will be included)
  • 18-60 years old
  • BMI 30-45 Kg/m2
  • Not pregnant or breastfeeding

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Diabetes diagnosis (defined by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria)38
  • Cardiovascular disease such as myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment, presence of angina pectoris, significant arrhythmia, congestive heart failure (LV hypertrophy acceptable), deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, mitral valve stenosis, aortic stenosis, or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
  • Arrhythmia (first-, second-, and third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block)
  • Significant weight change >5% in the past 3 months
  • Impaired hepatic function (AST and/or Alanine transaminase (ALT) > one and one half times (1.5X) upper limit of normal range)
  • Impaired renal function (eGFR <60ml/min)
  • Users of strong inhibitors of Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) or cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily D, polypeptide 6 (CYP2D6)
  • Users of other acetylcholinesterase inhibitors such as pyridostigmine or bethanechol
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse
  • Mental conditions rendering the subject unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study
  • Inability to comply with the protocol, e.g., uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, and unlikelihood of completing the study

Study Design

Phase
Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Crossover Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Double (Participant, Investigator)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Galantamine 16 mg
Galantamine 16 mg po one time dose
  • Drug: Galantamine
    16 mg po acute intervention prior to the infusion of intralipids
    Other names:
    • Razadyne
  • Drug: Placebo Oral Capsule
    Placebo oral capsule, acute intervention prior to the infusion of intralipids
Placebo Comparator
Placebo
Placebo capsule po one time dose
  • Drug: Galantamine
    16 mg po acute intervention prior to the infusion of intralipids
    Other names:
    • Razadyne
  • Drug: Placebo Oral Capsule
    Placebo oral capsule, acute intervention prior to the infusion of intralipids

Recruiting Locations

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee 37232
Contact:
Cyndya Shibao, MD
cyndya.shibao@vanderbilt.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT02365285
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Study Contact

Cyndya Shibao, RN
cyndya.shibao@vumc.org

Detailed Description

Obesity has a greater detrimental impact on the health of African American women (AAW) than on any other racial or gender group. Nearly 80% of AAW are overweight or obese. Reduced insulin sensitivity is more prevalent among AAW as compared to white women and men of both races. This condition puts AAW at increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The exact mechanism underlying these pathophysiological differences remains unknown. The investigators have found that obese AAW have decreased parasympathetic nerve (PNS) activity compared to whites and recent studies in animal models showed that the PNS confers protection against oxidative stress. In our AA cohort, PNS activity was directly correlated with insulin sensitivity in obese AAW even after controlling for differences in age, blood pressure and visceral adiposity. Equally important, the investigators also showed that the decrease in insulin sensitivity was associated with increased oxidative stress as measured by plasma levels of F2-isoprostanes. Taken together these findings lead us to hypothesize that the decreased PNS activity in obese AAW compared to white women has deleterious effects on oxidative stress and insulin sensitivity.The investigators will test the hypothesis that acute central acetylcholinesterase inhibition will restore PNS activity and reduce oxidation in AAW compared to whites.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.