Purpose

This study will assess the relationship between early unmet needs after hospital discharge and subsequent clinical outcomes among survivors of acute respiratory failure. The investigators hypothesize that early unmet needs are associated with poor outcomes at three months.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Respiratory failure: - Mechanical Ventilation via endotracheal tube/tracheostomy ≥ 24hrs - continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), bilevel positive airway pressure (BIPAP) ≥ 24 consecutive hrs (provided for acute respiratory failure not for Obstructive Sleep Apnea or other stable use) - High flow nasal cannula ≥ 24 consecutive hrs (FIO2 ≥ 0.5 and flow rate ≥ 30 L/min) 2. Expected to be discharged home alive 3. Within the pandemic expansion cohort, COVID-19 status (defined as a positive result on an appropriately validated molecular diagnostic assay for infection with SARS-CoV-2) will be used to guide enrollment

Exclusion Criteria

  • Lack of informed consent - Patient in the ICU < 24hrs - Mechanical ventilation at baseline - Residing at a medical institution at the time of hospital admission - Homelessness - Primary residence not in USA - Prisoner - More than mild dementia (either known diagnosis of moderate or worse dementia or Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQ-CODE) > 3.6; screening performed on patient > 50 years old or with family reports of possible memory decline) - Patient on hospice at or before time of enrollment - Patients who, based solely on pre-existing medical problems (such as poorly controlled neoplasm or other end-stage disease, including Stage IV heart failure or severe burns), would not be expected to survive six months in the absence of the acute respiratory failure. - Patient with neurological injury either receiving treatment for intracranial hypertension or who are not expected to return to consciousness. - Unable to communicate by telephone in English or Spanish - Patients mechanically ventilated solely for airway protection or obstruction

Study Design

Phase
Study Type
Observational
Observational Model
Cohort
Time Perspective
Prospective

Recruiting Locations

Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee 37235

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Study Contact

James C Jackson, PsyD
615-936-2822
james.c.jackson@vumc.org

Detailed Description

Despite the accumulation of data documenting the reality of extensive functional impairments following ICU stay, the specific treatment needs of individuals experiencing Post-Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS) are not well known largely because of a relative lack of knowledge about the specific unmet needs of patients at risk for PICS at the time of hospital discharge. These possible needs include oxygen prescriptions, equipment for noninvasive ventilation, durable medical equipment prescriptions, coordination with government assistance and community health programs, physical or occupational therapy in the home or at an outpatient clinic, medications restarted or discontinued as appropriate. This study will enrol individuals who were diagnosed with acute respiratory failure during an ICU admission and were discharged from the ICU alive. Once enrolled, participants' medical records will be reviewed for demographic and medical information. Questionnaires will be used to assess the participant's status prior to ICU admittance, including comorbidities, medications, physical functioning, quality of life, alcohol/smoking/substance use, social support and healthcare utilization. While in the ICU, participants will receive usual clinical care in this observational study. Data on mechanical ventilation, arterial blood gas values, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) diagnosis, delirium, and medical status will be collected. Information regarding the patients' postdischarge needs including medical equipment, medication, home care services, dialysis, appointments, counselling and referral will also be collected by reviewing the discharge note. Follow-up evaluations by phone call will occur at 1-4 weeks, 3 and 6 months following the ICU discharge. At 1-4 weeks, the investigators will evaluate, via phone call whether the patient's post-discharge needs are met. At 3 months and 6 months phone calls, standardized surveys will be used to assess mortality status, readmission, healthcare utilization, functional outcomes, quality of life, mental health status, coping and social support and return to work.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.