Although more than 50% of survivors of critical illness experience one or more post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) problems, there are still no validated interventions for the management of PICS. The long-term goal of this study is to develop and refine in-person and telehealth strategies for the delivery of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) recovery care for the treatment of PICS.



Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  • index ICU stay with a diagnosis of sepsis or acute respiratory distress syndrome projected to be discharged alive as these patients are at the highest risk for developing PICS

Exclusion Criteria

  1. no access to computer, electronic device (e.g., tablet, smartphone), and/or internet connection for virtual clinic visit, 2. primary care received outside of VUMC network, 3. hospice care at discharge, 4. substance abuse or psychiatric disorder that prevents independent living, 5. blind, deaf, unable to speak English, or 6. severe dementia prior to index hospitalization

Study Design

Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Health Services Research
Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Telehealth ICU Recovery Program
Components of the ICU RC telehealth visit will be structured parallel to what is done during a typical in-person clinic visit. The telehealth intervention consists of 5 chronological components conducted during two 1.5 hour telehealth clinic visits (the same time required for an in-person visit). Upon completion of the pre-intervention baseline assessment, the study coordinator will contact patients randomized to the intervention arm to schedule the first telehealth visit. Study visits will occur at 3 weeks and 3 months following hospital discharge.
  • Other: Telehealth
    Telehealth visits will be conducted from a private telehealth lab room in the Vanderbilt ICU Recovery Center using a live and interactive approach where providers and patients interact and communicate in real-time using Zoom, a secure video-conferencing platform recommended by Vanderbilt Telehealth.
No Intervention
Standard Recovery Conditions
participants assigned to the standard of care control group will be contacted by the study coordinator to ensure the patient has a primary care and/or specialist appointment scheduled. At this time, patients will also receive an electronic PICS guide for ICU survivors created by the Society of Critical Care Medicine. Patients will be directed to use the information provided in the PICS guide for ICU survivors to connect with resources.

Recruiting Locations

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee 37129
Leanne Boehm, PhD

More Details

Vanderbilt University

Study Contact

Leanne Boehm, PhD

Detailed Description

The overall objectives in this application are to (a) examine the feasibility of providing telehealth ICU recovery care and (b) determine if ICU recovery care is effective. The central hypothesis is that ICU recovery care improves cognitive, mental health, and physical function of ICU survivors by application of a patient-centered survivorship care plan with targeted interventions to address patient-specific cognitive, mental health, and physical dysfunctions. The rationale for this project is that a determination of the feasibility of telehealth and effectiveness of ICU recovery care in general is likely to offer a strong scientific framework informing the development of new implementation strategies. We will test the central hypotheses by pursuing two specific aims: 1) Test that telehealth ICU recovery care is feasible, and 2) Test the hypothesis that telehealth ICU recovery care compared to standard of care conditions will be more effective for improvement in cognitive, mental health, physical, and global function at 6 months following hospital discharge. To address these aims, we will enroll patients treated for septic shock and acute respiratory distress syndrome in the medical and surgical ICUs at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Study patients will be randomized 1:1 to either the telehealth ICU recovery care or standard of care groups. We will conduct telehealth ICU recovery care from the Vanderbilt ICU Recovery Center. This ICU survivor clinic relies on the expertise of clinicians from critical care medicine, nursing, pharmacy, neuropsychology, rehabilitation, and case management to assess and manage PICS. Telehealth feasibility measures include appropriateness, acceptability, and implementability. Following telehealth clinic participation at 3 weeks and 3 months after hospital discharge, we will assess participants for cognitive, mental health, physical, and global quality of life outcomes using trained, blinded research personnel at 6 months following hospital discharge. We incorporated PROMIS patient-centered outcome measures into each patient outcome category. This research is significant because it is expected to provide scientific justification for the continued development and implementation of ICU recovery care programs. Ultimately, such knowledge has the potential to improve the quality of life for millions of ICU survivors and their family members.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.