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583 matching studies

Condition of Interest
Memory Improvement Through Nicotine Dosing (MIND) Study
Mild Cognitive Impairment
The purpose of the study is to see if daily transdermal nicotine is able to produce a significant cognitive, clinical and functional improvement in participants with MCI. Neuronal nicotinic receptors have long been known to play a critical role in memory function in preclinical... expand

The purpose of the study is to see if daily transdermal nicotine is able to produce a significant cognitive, clinical and functional improvement in participants with MCI. Neuronal nicotinic receptors have long been known to play a critical role in memory function in preclinical studies, with nicotine improving attention, learning, and memory function. The study will enroll 300 participants for a 2 year period. Participants will be randomized (50:50) to either the transdermal nicotine, beginning at 7mg/day, and increasing to 21mg/day, or placebo skin patch.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2017

open study

The RADIANCE II Pivotal Study: A Study of the ReCor Medical Paradise System in Stage II Hypertension
Hypertension Vascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases
The objective of the RADIANCE II Pivotal study is to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of the Paradise System in subjects with Stage 2 hypertension on 0-2 medications at the time of consent. Prior to randomization, subjects will be hypertensive in the absence of hypertension... expand

The objective of the RADIANCE II Pivotal study is to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of the Paradise System in subjects with Stage 2 hypertension on 0-2 medications at the time of consent. Prior to randomization, subjects will be hypertensive in the absence of hypertension medication.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2018

open study

Nashville Early Diagnosis Lung Cancer Project
Lung Cancer
This screening study will address the lack of molecular strategies for the early detection of lung cancer and integrate those with epidemiological and imaging strategies. The hypothesis is that the repeated measure of biomarkers of risk obtained from the molecular analysis... expand

This screening study will address the lack of molecular strategies for the early detection of lung cancer and integrate those with epidemiological and imaging strategies. The hypothesis is that the repeated measure of biomarkers of risk obtained from the molecular analysis of biological specimens including those from bronchoscopy (bronchial brushings and biopsies) may contribute to the refinement of high-risk populations and allow an earlier clinical diagnosis. The goal of the investigators study is to provide screening for lung cancer in a high-risk population. In this prospective cohort it will be tested whether repeated measure of biomarkers of risk allows early detection of lung cancer.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2011

open study

Communication and Coping for Mothers of Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Mothers of adolescents with type 1 diabetes experience high levels of depressive symptoms, which impair their ability to monitor and manage diabetes treatment effectively. Further, maternal depressive symptoms are one of the strongest predictors of negative outcomes in adolescents,... expand

Mothers of adolescents with type 1 diabetes experience high levels of depressive symptoms, which impair their ability to monitor and manage diabetes treatment effectively. Further, maternal depressive symptoms are one of the strongest predictors of negative outcomes in adolescents, including deteriorating glycemic control, problems with adherence, poorer quality of life, and greater risk for depression. Given that adolescents are a high-risk population for suboptimal glycemic control - with only 17% meeting treatment goals - there is a critical need for novel interventions to improve outcomes in adolescents with T1D. Yet, previous behavioral interventions for youth with diabetes have had only modest effects on glycemic control, and none have directly targeted maternal depressive symptoms. Building on effective interventions to treat depression in adults, and our own pilot work in this population, the proposed study will use a rigorous approach to evaluate the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for mothers of adolescents with type 1 diabetes to promote the use of adaptive coping strategies and positive parenting practices. The aims of this study are to: 1) evaluate the effects of the Communication & Coping intervention on diabetes-related outcomes; 2) evaluate the effects of the Communication & Coping intervention on psychosocial outcomes; and 3) explore the differential impact of the intervention across demographic factors. Mothers who are randomized to the Communication & Coping Intervention will receive individual cognitive-behavioral therapy sessions by phone, as well as access to a Facebook group to augment the material covered in calls and provide social support. Mothers randomized to the Attention Control condition will receive educational materials and phone check-ins, as well as a Facebook group with educational posts. Adolescents and their mothers will be assessed at baseline and again post-intervention, at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2019

open study

Dopaminergic Dysfunction in Late-Life Depression
Late Life Depression Cognitive Decline Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant Levodopa Gait Impairment
Late-Life Depression (LLD), or depression in older adults, often presents with motivational deficits, deficits in performance in cognitive domains including processing speed and executive dysfunction, and mobility impairments. This triad of findings implicate dopaminergic... expand

Late-Life Depression (LLD), or depression in older adults, often presents with motivational deficits, deficits in performance in cognitive domains including processing speed and executive dysfunction, and mobility impairments. This triad of findings implicate dopaminergic dysfunction as a core pathophysiologic feature in depression, and may contribute to cognitive decline and motor disability. Normal aging results in brain-wide dopamine declines, decreased D1/D2 receptor density, and loss of dopamine transporters. Although brain changes associated with depression and aging converge on dopamine circuits, the specific disturbances in LLD and how responsive the system is to modulation remain unclear. In this collaborative study between Columbia University /New York State Psychiatric Institute and Vanderbilt University Medical Center, investigators are testing integrative model that aging, in concert with pro-inflammatory shifts, decreases dopamine signaling. These signally changes affects behaviors supported by these circuits, in the context of age-associated cortical atrophy and ischemic microvascular changes, resulting in variable LLD phenotypes. Investigators propose a primary pathway where dopaminergic dysfunction in depressed elders contributes to slowed processing speed and mobility impairments that increase the effort cost associated with voluntary behavior. The central hypothesis of this study is that late-life depression is characterized by dysfunction in the dopamine system and, by enhancing dopamine functioning in the brain. By improving cognitive and motor slowing, administration of carbidopa/levodopa (L-DOPA) will improve depressive symptoms.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2021

open study

Cardiovascular Effects of Angiotensin (1-7) in Essential Hypertension
Hypertension Hypertension, Essential
The purpose of this study is to better understand the cardiovascular effects of the vasodilatory peptide Angiotensin (1-7) in human hypertension. In this study, the investigators will test the hypothesis that systemic Angiotensin (1-7) infusion produces negligible effects... expand

The purpose of this study is to better understand the cardiovascular effects of the vasodilatory peptide Angiotensin (1-7) in human hypertension. In this study, the investigators will test the hypothesis that systemic Angiotensin (1-7) infusion produces negligible effects with intact baroreceptors, and that the cardiovascular effects of this peptide are unmasked following elimination of baroreflex buffering.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2015

open study

The Natriuretic Peptide Response to Saline Infusion
Obesity
The primary objective is to evaluate the overarching hypothesis that obese and black individuals have relatively lower circulating natriuretic peptide levels compared with lean and white individuals. Conventional clinical assays for measurement of circulating natriuretic peptides... expand

The primary objective is to evaluate the overarching hypothesis that obese and black individuals have relatively lower circulating natriuretic peptide levels compared with lean and white individuals. Conventional clinical assays for measurement of circulating natriuretic peptides display substantial overlap, precluding determination of the basis of the relative natriuretic peptide deficiency previously observed in these groups. We will study lean or obese, black or white, healthy adult subjects with intravenous (IV) saline infusion as a stimulus for natriuretic peptide production and release. We will measure circulating levels of natriuretic peptide isoforms using mass spectrometry that allows the specific identification of proBNP 1-108 and its cleavage product BNP 1-32.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2020

open study

PrecISE (Precision Interventions for Severe and/or Exacerbation-Prone Asthma) Network Study
Asthma
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate several interventions given to participants with severe asthma. Interventions are administered in a crossover manner with 16-week treatment periods followed by 8 to 16 week washout. expand

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate several interventions given to participants with severe asthma. Interventions are administered in a crossover manner with 16-week treatment periods followed by 8 to 16 week washout.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2019

open study

A Study to Find Out How Nintedanib is Taken up in the Body and How Well it is Tolerated in Children and...
Lung Diseases, Interstitial
The main objective of the study is to evaluate dose-exposure and safety of nintedanib in children and adolescents with fibrosing Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD). expand

The main objective of the study is to evaluate dose-exposure and safety of nintedanib in children and adolescents with fibrosing Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2019

open study

A Study of Guselkumab in Participants With Moderately to Severely Active Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative Colitis
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of guselkumab in participants with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC). expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of guselkumab in participants with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2019

open study

Neural Correlates of Sensory Phenomena in Tourette Syndrome
Tourette Syndrome Sensory Disorders Hypersensitivity Tics
The primary aim of this study is to identify neural correlates of sensory phenomena in adults with Tourette syndrome (TS). Adult patients with TS will be recruited 1) to complete a standardized clinical symptom assessment battery and 2) to undergo monitoring with video-electroencephalogram... expand

The primary aim of this study is to identify neural correlates of sensory phenomena in adults with Tourette syndrome (TS). Adult patients with TS will be recruited 1) to complete a standardized clinical symptom assessment battery and 2) to undergo monitoring with video-electroencephalogram (EEG) during tactile and auditory tasks, as well as in a resting state.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Aug 2019

open study

Sympathetic Mechanisms in the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Alterations of Obesity
Obesity-Associated Insulin Resistance
The purpose of this study is to study the role of sympathetic mechanisms involved in chronic regulation of cardiovascular and metabolic abnormalities seen in obesity. The investigators will study the effects chronic sympathetic inhibition on insulin sensitivity, inflammation... expand

The purpose of this study is to study the role of sympathetic mechanisms involved in chronic regulation of cardiovascular and metabolic abnormalities seen in obesity. The investigators will study the effects chronic sympathetic inhibition on insulin sensitivity, inflammation and endothelial function in obese hypertensive human subjects.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2021

open study

Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers
Opioid-Related Disorders Drug Addiction Pregnancy Related Substance Abuse Drug Abuse
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women with extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on mother and infant outcomes. The primary hypothesis is that the... expand

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women with extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on mother and infant outcomes. The primary hypothesis is that the BUP-XR group will not have greater illicit opioid use than the BUP-SL group during pregnancy (non-inferiority).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Sensory Symptoms in Tourette Syndrome and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Tourette Syndrome Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Sensory Disorders
This study seeks to address two key questions related to sensory dysregulation in Tourette syndrome (TS) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD): 1) Is sensory dysregulation in OCD clinically distinct from that in TS? 2) To what extent does sensory dysregulation affect QOL... expand

This study seeks to address two key questions related to sensory dysregulation in Tourette syndrome (TS) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD): 1) Is sensory dysregulation in OCD clinically distinct from that in TS? 2) To what extent does sensory dysregulation affect QOL in each of these disorders? Patients with TS, patients with OCD, and healthy controls will complete an online battery of validated questionnaires assessing sensory dysregulation, psychiatric symptoms, and quality of life.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2020

open study

AHEAD 3-45 Study: A Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Treatment With Lecanemab in Participants...
Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Early Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease
The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with lecanemab... expand

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo in reducing brain amyloid accumulation as measured by amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) at 216 weeks of treatment (A3 Trial).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Positive Psychology Intervention to Treat Diabetes Distress in Teens With Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
The treatment regimen for type 1 diabetes is complex and demanding, and many adolescents experience diabetes distress related to the daily demands of diabetes care, which can cause problems with diabetes management and glycemic control. The proposed study will conduct a multisite,... expand

The treatment regimen for type 1 diabetes is complex and demanding, and many adolescents experience diabetes distress related to the daily demands of diabetes care, which can cause problems with diabetes management and glycemic control. The proposed study will conduct a multisite, randomized trial to test the effects of a positive psychology intervention aimed at treating diabetes distress and improving glycemic outcomes. The potential benefits include helping adolescents achieve better glycemic control, improved self-management, and psychosocial outcomes

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2019

open study

Efficacy of Guanfacine and Lidocaine Combination in Trigeminal Nerve Block for Pain Management in Trigeminal...
Trigeminal Neuralgia
A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) identified an association between a loss of function variant in the human alpha 2B adrenergic receptor gene and trigeminal nerve disorders. Guanfacine is the oldest alpha-2 adrenergic agonist in clinical use and is approved for hypertension... expand

A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) identified an association between a loss of function variant in the human alpha 2B adrenergic receptor gene and trigeminal nerve disorders. Guanfacine is the oldest alpha-2 adrenergic agonist in clinical use and is approved for hypertension and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. We hypothesize that guanfacine will be an effective adjunct to lidocaine for the treatment of neuropathic pain by enhancing and prolonging pain relief due to its activation of alpha-2 adrenergic receptors. The objectives of the study will be to evaluate the efficacy and safety of guanfacine in combination with lidocaine for trigeminal nerve block procedures for pain management in trigeminal neuralgia patients. This study will evaluate the efficacy of guanfacine in reducing acute pain and extending duration of pain relief when delivered in combination with lidocaine as a trigeminal nerve block, measured by Visual Analog Scale (VAS) data collected at specific time points after each injection.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2019

open study

Metabolic Effects of Angiotensin-(1-7)
Obesity Insulin Resistance Hypertension Metabolic Cardiovascular Syndrome
The overall purpose of this study is to learn more about the metabolic effects of angiotensin-(1-7) in the insulin resistant state associated with obesity. Pharmacologic approaches to increase angiotensin-(1-7) levels or its actions are currently in development for treatment... expand

The overall purpose of this study is to learn more about the metabolic effects of angiotensin-(1-7) in the insulin resistant state associated with obesity. Pharmacologic approaches to increase angiotensin-(1-7) levels or its actions are currently in development for treatment of metabolic-related diseases such as obesity and type II diabetes, based on findings from animal studies. It is unclear if this peptide contributes to the regulation of metabolism in humans. The investigators will test if angiotensin-(1-7) infusion can improve insulin sensitivity measured by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp methods in individuals with obesity and insulin resistance. The investigators will also examine for changes in blood pressure and related hemodynamic and hormonal changes following angiotensin-(1-7) infusion.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2016

open study

Executive Function in Early Childhood
Reading Disability
Despite the fact that a substantial number of school age children struggle with both reading and math acquisition, the brain mechanisms of the overlapping aspects of reading and math skills, thought in part to be linked via executive functions (EF), have not been unpacked.... expand

Despite the fact that a substantial number of school age children struggle with both reading and math acquisition, the brain mechanisms of the overlapping aspects of reading and math skills, thought in part to be linked via executive functions (EF), have not been unpacked. This project will use a longitudinal design, following children from Kindergarten through 1st grade, to understand how the brain networks associated with reading, math, and EF interact to predict academic outcomes and, in those who struggle academically, intervention response.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2019

open study

Dietary Salt in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
In this study investigators propose to address the following hypotheses: 1) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 2) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease blood pressure in patients with RA. 3) Reduction in dietary... expand

In this study investigators propose to address the following hypotheses: 1) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 2) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease blood pressure in patients with RA. 3) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease tissue sodium in patients with RA.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2020

open study

TrialNet Pathway to Prevention of T1D
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Rationale: The accrual of data from the laboratory and from epidemiologic and prevention trials has improved the understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Genetic and immunologic factors play a key role in the development of T1DM,... expand

Rationale: The accrual of data from the laboratory and from epidemiologic and prevention trials has improved the understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Genetic and immunologic factors play a key role in the development of T1DM, and characterization of the early metabolic abnormalities in T1DM is steadily increasing. However, information regarding the natural history of T1DM remains incomplete. The TrialNet Natural History Study of the Development of T1DM (Pathway to Prevention Study) has been designed to clarify this picture, and in so doing, will contribute to the development and implementation of studies aimed at prevention of and early treatment in T1DM. Purpose: TrialNet is an international network dedicated to the study, prevention, and early treatment of type 1 diabetes. TrialNet sites are located throughout the United States, Canada, Finland, United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Sweden, Australia, and New Zealand. TrialNet is dedicated to testing new approaches to the prevention of and early intervention for type 1 diabetes. The goal of the TrialNet Natural History Study of the Development of Type 1 Diabetes is to enhance our understanding of the demographic, immunologic, and metabolic characteristics of individuals at risk for developing type 1 diabetes. The Natural History Study will screen relatives of people with type 1 diabetes to identify those at risk for developing the disease. Relatives of people with type 1 diabetes have about a 5% percent chance of being positive for the antibodies associated with diabetes. TrialNet will identify adults and children at risk for developing diabetes by testing for the presence of these antibodies in the blood. A positive antibody test is an early indication that damage to insulin-secreting cells may have begun. If this test is positive, additional testing will be offered to determine the likelihood that a person may develop diabetes. Individuals with antibodies will be offered the opportunity for further testing to determine their risk of developing diabetes over the next 5 years and to receive close monitoring for the development of diabetes.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Feb 2004

open study

Belzutifan/MK-6482 for the Treatment of Advanced Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma (PPGL) or Pancreatic...
Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor
This is a study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Belzutifan monotherapy in participants with advanced pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL) or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET). The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the objective response rate (ORR)... expand

This is a study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Belzutifan monotherapy in participants with advanced pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL) or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET). The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the objective response rate (ORR) of belzutifan per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) by blinded independent central review (BICR).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2021

open study

ACTIV-3b: Therapeutics for Severely Ill Inpatients With COVID-19
Covid19
This study looks at the safety and effectiveness of different drugs in treating COVID-19 in people who have been hospitalized with the infection and who have acute respiratory failure. Participants in the study will be treated with either a study drug plus current standard of... expand

This study looks at the safety and effectiveness of different drugs in treating COVID-19 in people who have been hospitalized with the infection and who have acute respiratory failure. Participants in the study will be treated with either a study drug plus current standard of care (SOC), or with placebo plus current SOC.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

A Study to Evaluate Safety and Effectiveness of mRNA-1273 COVID-19 Vaccine in Healthy Children Between...
SARS-CoV-2
The primary goal for this study is to evaluate up to 3 dose levels of mRNA-1273 vaccine given to healthy children in 2 doses, 28 days apart. expand

The primary goal for this study is to evaluate up to 3 dose levels of mRNA-1273 vaccine given to healthy children in 2 doses, 28 days apart.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Study of HST5040 in Subjects With Propionic or Methylmalonic Acidemia
Methylmalonic Acidemia Propionic Acidemia
This is an interventional study to assess the safety, PK, and efficacy of HST5040 in 12 subjects - 6 with Methylmalonic Acidemia (MMA) and 6 with Propionic Acidemia (PA). The study consists of 3 parts: - Part A: Open-label, within-subject, dose escalation study in PA... expand

This is an interventional study to assess the safety, PK, and efficacy of HST5040 in 12 subjects - 6 with Methylmalonic Acidemia (MMA) and 6 with Propionic Acidemia (PA). The study consists of 3 parts: - Part A: Open-label, within-subject, dose escalation study in PA and MMA subjects ≥ 2 years old to identify a safe and pharmacologically active (optimal) dose of HST5040 for use in Part B. Subjects will continue in a Part A open-label extension until all subjects complete Part A and the optimal dose of HST5040 is identified for use in Part B. - Part B: 6-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-period crossover in the same subjects from Part A to evaluate safety and efficacy of the optimal dose of HST5040 in addition to standard of care (SoC). - Part C: open-label long-term extension study in PA and MMA subjects ≥ 2 years old (N = approximately 12, 6 each) to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the optimal dose of HST5040. This study will determine whether HST5040 can improve levels of disease-associated toxins that accumulate in patients with PA and MMA.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study