Vanderbilt conducts research studies and clinical trials in various divisions throughout the Medical Center. We know that figuring out where to start can be one of the biggest obstacles a volunteer faces when searching for research study opportunities.


469 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Urinary Biomarkers in the Detection of Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder
Vanderbilt University Bladder Cancer, Biomarkers
To assess the persistence of bladder cancer-specific biomarkers in urine collected pre-operatively, in resected cancer tissue, and in urine collected post-operatively. A panel of sensitive and specific bladder cancer biomarkers will be used to establish a signature of disease... expand

To assess the persistence of bladder cancer-specific biomarkers in urine collected pre-operatively, in resected cancer tissue, and in urine collected post-operatively. A panel of sensitive and specific bladder cancer biomarkers will be used to establish a signature of disease in pre-operative patients with a positive diagnosis for bladder cancer by current standard of care (e.g., in-office cystoscopy, OR cystoscopy). The specificity of these markers will be assessed, as well as the degree of non-specific signal attributable to other sources of biomolecules, by analyzing resected tumor tissue for the same biomarkers. Finally, post-operative urine will be assessed for the presence of these markers. To the extent this biomarker panel can be determined to be specific and sensitive, it may serve as an indicator of the degree to which the surgical intervention successfully eradicated the underlying disease. The investigators also aim to assess the stability of a biomarker signature in urine but evaluating several patient specimens over various time points throughout the day.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2016

open study

Nicotine Treatment of Cognitive Decline in Down Syndrome
Vanderbilt University Medical Center Down Syndrome Mild Cognitive Impairment
This study will ascertain whether nicotine is safe and tolerable in DS patients, help with dose-ranging of nicotine in DS, look for evidence of enhancements in cognitive functioning, and establish evidence for biological and behavioral correlates of nicotinic stimulation effects.... expand

This study will ascertain whether nicotine is safe and tolerable in DS patients, help with dose-ranging of nicotine in DS, look for evidence of enhancements in cognitive functioning, and establish evidence for biological and behavioral correlates of nicotinic stimulation effects. The knowledge gained from the translational aspects of this project may also guide the application of new nicotinic drugs in DS and generate, for the first time, data on the importance of nicotinic receptor changes in the development of cognitive impairment in DS adults. Hypotheses: - Transdermal nicotine treatment will be well tolerated out to one month by non-smoking DS patients without significant adverse effects. - Nicotine will enhance cognitive performance by one month compared to baseline and post-treatment testing. - Nicotine will enhance functioning detectable by clinician and/or informant ratings (pre-post).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2013

open study

Pharmacogenomics of the Variability in the In Vivo Response to Glucocorticoids
Vanderbilt University Medical Center Glucocorticoids Toxicity Glucose Intolerance
This study evaluates the effect of acute administration of oral prednisone in white blood cells counts and glucose tolerance and the relationship of these measures with changes in gene expression in healthy volunteers. White blood cells counts, glucose tolerance and gene expression... expand

This study evaluates the effect of acute administration of oral prednisone in white blood cells counts and glucose tolerance and the relationship of these measures with changes in gene expression in healthy volunteers. White blood cells counts, glucose tolerance and gene expression will be study before and after prednisone administration.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2017

open study

Connectivity Affecting the Antidepressant REsponse Study
Vanderbilt University Major Depressive Disorder
It can be difficult to achieve remission in individuals with late-life depression (LLD) and they often require aggressive treatment. This challenge is in part due to age-related vascular changes that are common in LLD. Successful antidepressant treatment involve changes across... expand

It can be difficult to achieve remission in individuals with late-life depression (LLD) and they often require aggressive treatment. This challenge is in part due to age-related vascular changes that are common in LLD. Successful antidepressant treatment involve changes across affective, cognitive, and default mode networks. We hypothesize that in LLD, vascular disease adversely affects response to antidepressants by disrupting connectivity of these networks. The primary goal of this project is to characterize how focal vascular damage affects regional connectivity and response to antidepressants. Based on past work and pilot data, we a priori focus on the cingulum bundle and uncinate fasciculus. These key fiber bundles connect frontal, temporal, and cingulate regions involved in cognition and affective responses. Our central hypothesis is that ischemic damage to the cingulum bundle and uncinate fasciculus contributes to structural and functional connectivity deficits of those tracts. This results in a disconnection effect that alters the function of connected regions. In turn, this increases the risk of a poor response to antidepressants. Our approach is to enroll up to 130 adults over age 60 years with a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder. Subjects will complete clinical evaluation, cognitive testing, and MRI/functional MRI (fMRI) sessions, including an fMRI emotional oddball task that includes attentional and affective components. Participants will be stratified by cerebral lesion severity and randomized in a 2:1 ratio to a double-blinded 8-week trial of escitalopram or matching placebo. Those who do not remit will transition to an 8-week trial of open-label bupropion, an antidepressant with a different mechanism of action. This will allow us to determine if different and distinct circuit deficits affect response to antidepressants with different mechanisms of action while also accounting for the placebo response.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2015

open study

Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial - Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiomyopathy
University of Rochester Cardiomyopathy
The purpose of this trial or study is to determine if cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can be a benefit to people who have impaired heart function due to past treatment with chemotherapy and/or chest radiation. The investigators are looking to enroll approximately 30 eligible... expand

The purpose of this trial or study is to determine if cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can be a benefit to people who have impaired heart function due to past treatment with chemotherapy and/or chest radiation. The investigators are looking to enroll approximately 30 eligible subjects with heart failure in this trial. All patients enrolled and registered in the study will be implanted with a cardiac resynchronization therapy device that includes an implantable cardiac defibrillator (CRT-D). Clinical histories, physical exams, and external device testing will be collected both at the time of enrollment in the trial and during follow-up study visits. Following implantation of the CRT-D, patients will be contacted by phone at 3 months and will have a scheduled clinic visit follow-up at 6 months.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2014

open study

Identifying Barriers and Strategies to Support Self-efficacy for Medication Adherence With Text Messaging
Vanderbilt University Sickle Cell Disease
The investigators will explore barriers to improving self-efficacy, or the ability to feel in control of their disease, and medication adherence with text messaging through surveys and interviews with adolescents and adults with SCD cared for at the Vanderbilt Meharry Center of... expand

The investigators will explore barriers to improving self-efficacy, or the ability to feel in control of their disease, and medication adherence with text messaging through surveys and interviews with adolescents and adults with SCD cared for at the Vanderbilt Meharry Center of Excellence (VMCE) in Sickle Cell Disease (SCD). The investigators will identify preferences to improve and sustain adherence to daily medication through selection of investigator-proposed or patient-generated text messaging strategies. Finally, the investigators will fill in the literature gaps by describing barriers to self-efficacy and medication adherence among adults with SCD as well as adolescents with SCD who are transitioning to adult care.

Type: Observational

Start Date: May 2016

open study

Safety and Pharmacokinetic Study of YKP3089 as Adjunctive Therapy in Subjects With Partial Onset Seizures
SK Life Science Partial Epilepsy
This is a multicenter, open label study to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics of YKP3089 as adjunctive therapy in subjects with partial onset seizures. Initially, subjects taking phenytoin or phenobarbital will be enrolled followed by additional subjects taking anti-epileptic... expand

This is a multicenter, open label study to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics of YKP3089 as adjunctive therapy in subjects with partial onset seizures. Initially, subjects taking phenytoin or phenobarbital will be enrolled followed by additional subjects taking anti-epileptic drugs other than phenytoin and phenobarbital to further investigate long-term safety.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2016

open study

Vosaroxin and Infusional Cytarabine in Treating Patients With Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising From Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Multilineage Dysplasia Myeloid Sarcoma Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase II trial studies how well vosaroxin and cytarabine work in treating patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vosaroxin and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells,... expand

This phase II trial studies how well vosaroxin and cytarabine work in treating patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vosaroxin and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2016

open study

Phase I/II Study of IMMU-132 in Patients With Epithelial Cancers
Immunomedics, Inc. Colorectal Cancer Gastric Adenocarcinoma Esophageal Cancer Hepatocellular Carcinoma Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
The primary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of IMMU-132 as a single agent administered in 3-week treatment cycles for up to 8 cycles, in previously treated patients with advanced epithelial cancer.The secondary objectives are to obtain initial data concerning... expand

The primary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of IMMU-132 as a single agent administered in 3-week treatment cycles for up to 8 cycles, in previously treated patients with advanced epithelial cancer.The secondary objectives are to obtain initial data concerning pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and efficacy with this dosing regimen. IMMU-132 targets the TROP-2 antigen which is expressed on a variety of cancers. The antibody, RS7, is attached to SN38, which is the active metabolite of irinotecan. This is planned as a multi-center study. In Phase II, up to 130 patients (assessable) in triple-negative breast cancer, up to 100 patients (assessable) in non-small cell and small-cell lung cancer and up to 50 patients (assessable) per other cancer types included in the protocol will be studied at the 10 mg/kg dose.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2013

open study

Tolerability, Safety, and Activity of SRX246 in Irritable Subjects With Huntington's Disease
Azevan Pharmaceuticals Irritable Mood Huntington's Disease
This study evaluates the tolerability, safety and activity of SRX246 in the treatment of irritability in patients with Huntington's disease. Two-thirds of all participants will receive SRX246, while the other third will receive a placebo. expand

This study evaluates the tolerability, safety and activity of SRX246 in the treatment of irritability in patients with Huntington's disease. Two-thirds of all participants will receive SRX246, while the other third will receive a placebo.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2016

open study

Low-Dose Acetylsalicylic Acid in Treating Patients With Stage I-III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Adenocarcinoma of the Lung Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
This pilot clinical trial studies low-dose acetylsalicylic acid in treating patients with stage I-III non-small cell lung cancer. Studying samples of urine and blood from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes in biomarkers that occur... expand

This pilot clinical trial studies low-dose acetylsalicylic acid in treating patients with stage I-III non-small cell lung cancer. Studying samples of urine and blood from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes in biomarkers that occur during treatment with acetylsalicylic acid

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2012

open study

Vitamin D to Improve Outcomes by Leveraging Early Treatment
Massachusetts General Hospital Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Vitamin D Deficiency Critical Illness
This study aims to evaluate the effect of early administration of high-dose vitamin D3 in reducing all-cause, all-location mortality in vitamin D deficient patients at high risk for ARDS. Patients will be screened for vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/mL). Only patients screened as... expand

This study aims to evaluate the effect of early administration of high-dose vitamin D3 in reducing all-cause, all-location mortality in vitamin D deficient patients at high risk for ARDS. Patients will be screened for vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/mL). Only patients screened as vitamin D deficient will be randomized. Half of the vitamin-D deficient patients will be given a high-dose of vitamin D3 and the other half will be given a placebo.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2017

open study

Standard or Comprehensive Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer Previously...
NSABP Foundation Inc Stage IB Breast Cancer Stage II Breast Cancer
This randomized phase III trial studies standard or comprehensive radiation therapy in treating patients with early-stage breast cancer who have undergone surgery. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether comprehensive radiation... expand

This randomized phase III trial studies standard or comprehensive radiation therapy in treating patients with early-stage breast cancer who have undergone surgery. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether comprehensive radiation therapy is more effective than standard radiation therapy in treating patients with breast cancer

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2013

open study

Prophylactic Antibiotic Regimens in Tumor Surgery (PARITY)
McMaster University Infection Bone Neoplasms
The Prophylactic Antibiotic Regimens in Tumor Surgery (PARITY) trial is the first ever international multi-center randomized controlled trial in bone cancer surgery. In order to avoid amputation for bone cancer in the leg, complex limb-saving operations are performed. However,... expand

The Prophylactic Antibiotic Regimens in Tumor Surgery (PARITY) trial is the first ever international multi-center randomized controlled trial in bone cancer surgery. In order to avoid amputation for bone cancer in the leg, complex limb-saving operations are performed. However, infections with devastating complications following surgery are common. Surgeons from across the world will randomize patients to receive either short- or long-duration antibiotic regimens after surgery with the goal of identifying the best regimen to reduce these infections.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2013

open study

Cognitive Effects of Androgen Receptor Directed Therapies for Advanced Prostate Cancer
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Castration-Resistant Prostatic Cancer Metastatic Prostate Carcinoma Recurrent Prostate Carcinoma Stage IV Prostate Cancer Hormone-Refractory Prostate Cancer
This clinical trial studies cognitive function in men with prostate cancer treated with androgen receptor directed therapies such as abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide. The investigators use MRI imaging (non-invasive, non-contrast) to see whether there are changes in brain... expand

This clinical trial studies cognitive function in men with prostate cancer treated with androgen receptor directed therapies such as abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide. The investigators use MRI imaging (non-invasive, non-contrast) to see whether there are changes in brain structure or activity related to treatment that may be related to changes in cognitive function. The investigators are also looking for genetic variations that might make patients more or less sensitive to cognitive changes during treatment for prostate cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2017

open study

Evaluation of the PK and PD of Ganciclovir in Premature Infants Receiving Treatment for CMV Infection
University of Alabama at Birmingham Cytomegalovirus Infections
This is a clinical sampling study, and no study drugs will be administered under this protocol. Premature infants who receive intravenous ganciclovir as part of clinical care will be eligible for participation in this study. Intravenous ganciclovir will not be provided under... expand

This is a clinical sampling study, and no study drugs will be administered under this protocol. Premature infants who receive intravenous ganciclovir as part of clinical care will be eligible for participation in this study. Intravenous ganciclovir will not be provided under this protocol.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2013

open study

18F-FSPG PET/CT in Imaging Patients With Newly Diagnosed Lung Cancer or Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Lung Carcinoma Solitary Pulmonary Nodule Cigarette Smoking Behavior
This clinical trial compares fluorine F 18 L-glutamate derivative BAY94-9392 (18F-FSPG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to the standard of care fluorodeoxyglucose F-18 (18F-FDG) PET/CT in imaging patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer or indeterminate... expand

This clinical trial compares fluorine F 18 L-glutamate derivative BAY94-9392 (18F-FSPG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to the standard of care fluorodeoxyglucose F-18 (18F-FDG) PET/CT in imaging patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer or indeterminate pulmonary nodules. PET/CT uses a radioactive glutamate (one of the common building blocks of protein) called 18F-FSPG which may be able to recognize differences between tumor and healthy tissue. Since tumor cells are growing, they need to make protein, and other building blocks, for cell growth that are made from glutamate and other molecules. PET/CT using a radioactive glutamate may be a more effective method of diagnosing lung cancer than the standard PET/CT using a radioactive glucose (sugar), such as 18F-FDG.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2015

open study

Neuroinflammation and Postoperative Delirium in Cardiac Surgery
Vanderbilt University Delirium Cardiac Surgery
Up to 50% of patients over 60 years old develop postoperative delirium following cardiac surgery. Delirium increases morbidity and mortality, and may lead to long-term cognitive impairment similar to patients with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. The underlying mechanisms... expand

Up to 50% of patients over 60 years old develop postoperative delirium following cardiac surgery. Delirium increases morbidity and mortality, and may lead to long-term cognitive impairment similar to patients with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. The underlying mechanisms behind delirium are not understood, and therefore the current prevention and treatment strategies are inadequate. Several hypotheses exist for the pathophysiology of delirium, one of which is the role of neuroinflammation. The stress associated with high-risk procedures such as cardiac surgery may lead to systemic inflammation causing endothelial dysfunction and disruption of the blood brain barrier (BBB). When this occurs, the brain is susceptible to neuronal injury via neuroinflammation after which a state of delirium may ensue. To characterize the mechanisms of neuroinflammation in delirium, the investigators will explore the biomarkers most closely linked to each step of the proposed pathway.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2016

open study

Open-Label Extension of RPC1063 as Therapy for Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis
Celgene Ulcerative Colitis
The purpose of the trial is to determine the safety and efficacy of RPC1063 in patients diagnosed with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis. expand

The purpose of the trial is to determine the safety and efficacy of RPC1063 in patients diagnosed with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2015

open study

Obesity Surgery and Kidney Transplant for Patients With Obesity and Renal Failure
Vanderbilt University Severe Obesity Renal Failure
Gastric Bypass followed by renal transplantation is superior to medical management followed by renal transplant for patients with severe obesity and renal failure. expand

Gastric Bypass followed by renal transplantation is superior to medical management followed by renal transplant for patients with severe obesity and renal failure.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2014

open study

Trial to Evaluate Beta-Lactam Antimicrobial Therapy of Community Acquired Pneumonia in Children
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Pneumonia
This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, superiority clinical trial will test the effectiveness of short (5-day) vs.standard (10-day) course therapy in children who are diagnosed with CAP and initially treated in outpatient clinics, urgent care facilities,... expand

This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, superiority clinical trial will test the effectiveness of short (5-day) vs.standard (10-day) course therapy in children who are diagnosed with CAP and initially treated in outpatient clinics, urgent care facilities, and emergency departments. Primary objective is to compare the composite overall outcome (Desirability of Outcome Ranking, DOOR) among children 6-71 months of age with CAP assigned to a strategy of short course (5 days) vs standard course (10 days) outpatient beta-lactam therapy at Outcome Assessment Visit #1 (Study Day 8 +/- 2 days)

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2016

open study

Optical Spectroscopy in Evaluating Tumor Margins in Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Breast Tumors
Vanderbilt University Breast Cancer
RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures, such as optical spectroscopy, may help learn the extent of disease and allow doctors to plan better treatment. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying optical spectroscopy to see how well it works in evaluating tumor margins in patients who... expand

RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures, such as optical spectroscopy, may help learn the extent of disease and allow doctors to plan better treatment. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying optical spectroscopy to see how well it works in evaluating tumor margins in patients who have undergone surgery for breast cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2006

open study

Norepinephrine-targeted Therapy for Action Control in Parkinson Disease
Vanderbilt University Medical Center Parkinson Disease
The purpose of this study is to find out whether droxidopa, a medication that increases norepinephrine levels, may be effective in improving some aspects of cognition and movement in Parkinson's disease (PD). expand

The purpose of this study is to find out whether droxidopa, a medication that increases norepinephrine levels, may be effective in improving some aspects of cognition and movement in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2017

open study

Virtual Reality Training for Social Skills in Schizophrenia
Vanderbilt University Schizophrenia
Social impairments are core features of schizophrenia that lead to poor outcome. Social skills and competence improve quality of life and protect against stress-related exacerbation of symptoms, while supporting resilience, interpersonal interactions, and social affiliation.... expand

Social impairments are core features of schizophrenia that lead to poor outcome. Social skills and competence improve quality of life and protect against stress-related exacerbation of symptoms, while supporting resilience, interpersonal interactions, and social affiliation. To improve outcome, we must remediate social deficits. Existing psychosocial interventions are moderately effective but the effort-intensive nature (high burden), low adherence, and weak transfer of skills to everyday life present significant hurdles toward recovery. Thus, there is a dire need to develop effective, engaging and low-burden social interventions for people with schizophrenia that will result in better compliance rates and functional outcome. The investigators will test the effectiveness of a novel adaptive virtual reality (VR) intervention in improving targeted social cognitive function (social attention, as indexed by eye scanning patterns) in individuals with schizophrenia. VR technology offers a flexible alternative to conventional therapies, with several advantages, including a simplified and low-stress social interaction environment with targeted opportunities to simulate, exercise and reinforce basic elements of social skills in a very wide range of realistic scenarios, and to repeat exposure to naturalistic situations from multiple angles.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2016

open study

Energy Balance & Weight Loss in Craniopharyngioma-related Hypothalamic Obesity
Seattle Children's Hospital Hypothalamic Obesity
The proposed multicenter study will test the effect of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 agonist exenatide once weekly extended-release (ExQW, Bydureon®) on clinical outcomes and metabolic parameters in a double-blind, placebo-controlled 36 week randomized trial with an 18 week open... expand

The proposed multicenter study will test the effect of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 agonist exenatide once weekly extended-release (ExQW, Bydureon®) on clinical outcomes and metabolic parameters in a double-blind, placebo-controlled 36 week randomized trial with an 18 week open label extension. Following baseline testing, 48 patients will be randomly assigned with equal allocation to ExQW or matching placebo injection for 36 weeks, followed by an 18 week open label extension during which all patients receive ExQW. Changes of weight status, body composition, free-living total daily energy expenditure (EE) by doubly labeled water (DLW), activity by acetimetry, energy intake (questionnaires and food diary), as well as glucose tolerance and hormonal parameters of energy homeostasis and insulin resistance will be assessed before treatment and at the end of the placebo-controlled phase (week 36). Activity, metabolic outcomes, energy intake will be also assessed at study week 18 (mid treatment of randomized study), as well as week 54 (end of open label treatment).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2016

open study