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569 matching studies

Condition of Interest
American Lung Association (ALA) Lung Health Cohort
Lung Diseases
The ALA-LHC is a longitudinal, multi-center cohort study that will enroll approximately 4,000 young adults between the ages of 25-35 who do not have severe lung disease. The overarching objective of the ALA-LHC is to establish a national cohort of young adults for the purpose of... expand

The ALA-LHC is a longitudinal, multi-center cohort study that will enroll approximately 4,000 young adults between the ages of 25-35 who do not have severe lung disease. The overarching objective of the ALA-LHC is to establish a national cohort of young adults for the purpose of defining lung health and developing targets to intercept chronic lung disease at its earliest stages.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2021

open study

AHEAD 3-45 Study: A Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Treatment With Lecanemab in Participants...
Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Early Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease
The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with lecanemab... expand

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo in reducing brain amyloid accumulation as measured by amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) at 216 weeks of treatment (A3 Trial).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers
Opioid-Related Disorders Drug Addiction Pregnancy Related Substance Abuse Drug Abuse
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women with extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on mother and infant outcomes. The primary hypothesis is that the... expand

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women with extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on mother and infant outcomes. The primary hypothesis is that the BUP-XR group will not have greater illicit opioid use than the BUP-SL group during pregnancy (non-inferiority).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Neural Correlates of Sensory Phenomena in Tourette Syndrome
Tourette Syndrome Sensory Disorders Hypersensitivity Tics
The most pervasive sensory manifestation of TS is sensory over-responsivity (SOR). SOR is defined as excessive behavioral response to commonplace environmental stimuli. SOR is an integral but poorly understood facet of the TS phenotype, one intertwined with core elements of... expand

The most pervasive sensory manifestation of TS is sensory over-responsivity (SOR). SOR is defined as excessive behavioral response to commonplace environmental stimuli. SOR is an integral but poorly understood facet of the TS phenotype, one intertwined with core elements of the disorder and worse QOL. This proposal seeks to clarify the mechanistic bases of SOR in TS. Adults with with TS will be recruited 1) to complete a standardized clinical symptom assessment battery and 2) to undergo electroencephalogram (EEG), autonomic, and audio-visual monitoring during tactile and auditory stimuli paradigms, as well as at rest.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jul 2021

open study

Dietary Salt in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
In this study investigators propose to address the following hypotheses: 1) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 2) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease blood pressure in patients with RA. 3) Reduction in dietary... expand

In this study investigators propose to address the following hypotheses: 1) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 2) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease blood pressure in patients with RA. 3) Reduction in dietary sodium will decrease tissue sodium in patients with RA.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2020

open study

PrecISE (Precision Interventions for Severe and/or Exacerbation-Prone Asthma) Network Study
Asthma
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate several interventions given to participants with severe asthma. Interventions are administered in a crossover manner with 16-week treatment periods followed by 8 to 16 week washout. expand

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate several interventions given to participants with severe asthma. Interventions are administered in a crossover manner with 16-week treatment periods followed by 8 to 16 week washout.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2019

open study

Executive Function in Early Childhood
Reading Disability
Despite the fact that a substantial number of school age children struggle with both reading and math acquisition, the brain mechanisms of the overlapping aspects of reading and math skills, thought in part to be linked via executive functions (EF), have not been unpacked.... expand

Despite the fact that a substantial number of school age children struggle with both reading and math acquisition, the brain mechanisms of the overlapping aspects of reading and math skills, thought in part to be linked via executive functions (EF), have not been unpacked. This project will use a longitudinal design, following children from Kindergarten through 1st grade, to understand how the brain networks associated with reading, math, and EF interact to predict academic outcomes and, in those who struggle academically, intervention response.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2019

open study

Childhood Allergy and the Neonatal Environment
Asthma in Children Allergy
The purpose of this research study is to study the relationship between childhood asthma, allergies, and early-life environmental factors that may cause childhood asthma and allergies. Previous birth cohort studies have found early-life environmental factors such as allergies,... expand

The purpose of this research study is to study the relationship between childhood asthma, allergies, and early-life environmental factors that may cause childhood asthma and allergies. Previous birth cohort studies have found early-life environmental factors such as allergies, pollutants, viruses and bacteria have all contributed to the development of asthma and allergies. Investigators are doing this research because there continues to be a strong need to understand the root causes of asthma and allergies. The CANOE study is an observational cohort study, which means investigators are not asking participants or participant's child to change their medications and investigators will not be giving participants or participant's child a study drug.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Mar 2020

open study

Efficacy of Guanfacine and Lidocaine Combination in Trigeminal Nerve Block for Pain Management in Trigeminal...
Trigeminal Neuralgia
A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) identified an association between a loss of function variant in the human alpha 2B adrenergic receptor gene and trigeminal nerve disorders. Guanfacine is the oldest alpha-2 adrenergic agonist in clinical use and is approved for hypertension... expand

A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) identified an association between a loss of function variant in the human alpha 2B adrenergic receptor gene and trigeminal nerve disorders. Guanfacine is the oldest alpha-2 adrenergic agonist in clinical use and is approved for hypertension and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. We hypothesize that guanfacine will be an effective adjunct to lidocaine for the treatment of neuropathic pain by enhancing and prolonging pain relief due to its activation of alpha-2 adrenergic receptors. The objectives of the study will be to evaluate the efficacy and safety of guanfacine in combination with lidocaine for trigeminal nerve block procedures for pain management in trigeminal neuralgia patients. This study will evaluate the efficacy of guanfacine in reducing acute pain and extending duration of pain relief when delivered in combination with lidocaine as a trigeminal nerve block, measured by Visual Analog Scale (VAS) data collected at specific time points after each injection.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2019

open study

TrialNet Pathway to Prevention of T1D
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Rationale: The accrual of data from the laboratory and from epidemiologic and prevention trials has improved the understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Genetic and immunologic factors play a key role in the development of T1DM,... expand

Rationale: The accrual of data from the laboratory and from epidemiologic and prevention trials has improved the understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Genetic and immunologic factors play a key role in the development of T1DM, and characterization of the early metabolic abnormalities in T1DM is steadily increasing. However, information regarding the natural history of T1DM remains incomplete. The TrialNet Natural History Study of the Development of T1DM (Pathway to Prevention Study) has been designed to clarify this picture, and in so doing, will contribute to the development and implementation of studies aimed at prevention of and early treatment in T1DM. Purpose: TrialNet is an international network dedicated to the study, prevention, and early treatment of type 1 diabetes. TrialNet sites are located throughout the United States, Canada, Finland, United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Sweden, Australia, and New Zealand. TrialNet is dedicated to testing new approaches to the prevention of and early intervention for type 1 diabetes. The goal of the TrialNet Natural History Study of the Development of Type 1 Diabetes is to enhance our understanding of the demographic, immunologic, and metabolic characteristics of individuals at risk for developing type 1 diabetes. The Natural History Study will screen relatives of people with type 1 diabetes to identify those at risk for developing the disease. Relatives of people with type 1 diabetes have about a 5% percent chance of being positive for the antibodies associated with diabetes. TrialNet will identify adults and children at risk for developing diabetes by testing for the presence of these antibodies in the blood. A positive antibody test is an early indication that damage to insulin-secreting cells may have begun. If this test is positive, additional testing will be offered to determine the likelihood that a person may develop diabetes. Individuals with antibodies will be offered the opportunity for further testing to determine their risk of developing diabetes over the next 5 years and to receive close monitoring for the development of diabetes.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Feb 2004

open study

Metabolic Effects of Angiotensin-(1-7)
Obesity Insulin Resistance Hypertension Metabolic Cardiovascular Syndrome
The overall purpose of this study is to learn more about the metabolic effects of angiotensin-(1-7) in the insulin resistant state associated with obesity. Pharmacologic approaches to increase angiotensin-(1-7) levels or its actions are currently in development for treatment... expand

The overall purpose of this study is to learn more about the metabolic effects of angiotensin-(1-7) in the insulin resistant state associated with obesity. Pharmacologic approaches to increase angiotensin-(1-7) levels or its actions are currently in development for treatment of metabolic-related diseases such as obesity and type II diabetes, based on findings from animal studies. It is unclear if this peptide contributes to the regulation of metabolism in humans. The investigators will test if angiotensin-(1-7) infusion can improve insulin sensitivity measured by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp methods in individuals with obesity and insulin resistance. The investigators will also examine for changes in blood pressure and related hemodynamic and hormonal changes following angiotensin-(1-7) infusion.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2016

open study

A Study of Vericiguat (MK-1242) in Participants With Chronic Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction...
Chronic Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vericiguat in participants with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), specifically those with symptomatic chronic HFrEF who have not had a recent hospitalization for heart failure or... expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vericiguat in participants with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), specifically those with symptomatic chronic HFrEF who have not had a recent hospitalization for heart failure or need for outpatient intravenous (IV) diuretics. The primary hypothesis is that vericiguat is superior to placebo in reducing the risk of cardiovascular death or heart failure hospitalization.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2021

open study

A Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Brensocatib Tablets in Adults With...
Cystic Fibrosis
The main objective of the study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of brensocatib in participants with cystic fibrosis following once daily oral administration of study drug and to evaluate the safety of brensocatib compared to placebo in participants with cystic fibrosis... expand

The main objective of the study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of brensocatib in participants with cystic fibrosis following once daily oral administration of study drug and to evaluate the safety of brensocatib compared to placebo in participants with cystic fibrosis (CF) over the 4-week treatment period.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2021

open study

Belzutifan/MK-6482 for the Treatment of Advanced Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma (PPGL), Pancreatic Neuroendocrine...
Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Von Hippel-Lindau Disease
This is a study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Belzutifan monotherapy in participants with advanced pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL), pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) or von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) Disease-Associated Tumors. The primary objective of the study is... expand

This is a study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Belzutifan monotherapy in participants with advanced pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL), pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) or von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) Disease-Associated Tumors. The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the objective response rate (ORR) of belzutifan per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) by blinded independent central review (BICR).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2021

open study

Study of Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Treprostinil in Subjects With Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Interstitial Lung Disease
Study RIN-PF-301 is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of inhaled treprostinil in subjects with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) over a 52-week period. expand

Study RIN-PF-301 is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of inhaled treprostinil in subjects with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) over a 52-week period.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study

A Study of Encorafenib Plus Cetuximab With or Without Chemotherapy in People With Previously Untreated...
Neoplasms
The purpose of this study is to evaluate two study medicines (encorafenib plus cetuximab) taken alone or together with standard chemotherapy for the potential treatment of colorectal cancer that: - has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic); - has... expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate two study medicines (encorafenib plus cetuximab) taken alone or together with standard chemotherapy for the potential treatment of colorectal cancer that: - has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic); - has a certain type of abnormal gene called "BRAF"; and - has not received prior treatment. Participants in this study will receive one of the following study treatments: - Encorafenib plus cetuximab: These participants will receive encorafenib by mouth at home every day and cetuximab once every two weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion (an injection into the vein) at the study clinic. - Encorafenib plus cetuximab with chemotherapy: These participants will receive encorafenib and cetuximab in the way described in the bullet above. Additionally, they will receive standard chemotherapy by IV infusion and oral treatment at home. - Chemotherapy alone: These participants will receive chemotherapy, the standard treatment for this condition, by IV infusion at the study clinics and oral treatment at home. The study team will monitor how each participant responds to the study treatment for up to about 3 years.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

Study of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan (T-DXd) vs Investigator's Choice Chemotherapy in HER2-low, Hormone Receptor...
Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer
This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of trastuzumab deruxtecan compared with investigator's choice chemotherapy in human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2-low, hormone receptor (HR) positive breast cancer patients whose disease has progressed... expand

This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of trastuzumab deruxtecan compared with investigator's choice chemotherapy in human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2-low, hormone receptor (HR) positive breast cancer patients whose disease has progressed on endocrine therapy in the metastatic setting.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Study of DF1001 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Solid Tumor, Adult
DF1001-001 is a study of a new molecule that targets natural killer (NK) cells and T-cell activation signals to specific receptors on cancer cells. The study will occur in two phases. The first phase will be a dose escalation phase, enrolling patients with various types of... expand

DF1001-001 is a study of a new molecule that targets natural killer (NK) cells and T-cell activation signals to specific receptors on cancer cells. The study will occur in two phases. The first phase will be a dose escalation phase, enrolling patients with various types of solid tumors that express human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Two combination therapy cohorts will be opened for enrollment, DF1001 + nivolumab and DF1001 + Nab paclitaxel. The second phase will include a dose expansion using the best dose selected from the first phase of the study. Multiple cohorts will be opened with eligible patients having either selected solid tumors, or solid tumors expressing high levels of HER2.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2019

open study

Telehealth-Enhanced Patient-Oriented Recovery Trajectory After ICU
Critical Illness Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Septic Shock
Although more than 50% of survivors of critical illness experience one or more post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) problems, there are still no validated interventions for the management of PICS. The long-term goal of this study is to develop and refine in-person and telehealth... expand

Although more than 50% of survivors of critical illness experience one or more post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) problems, there are still no validated interventions for the management of PICS. The long-term goal of this study is to develop and refine in-person and telehealth strategies for the delivery of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) recovery care for the treatment of PICS.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2019

open study

Mode Of Ventilation During Critical IllnEss Pilot Trial
Respiratory Failure
Landmark trials in critical care have demonstrated that, among critically ill adults receiving invasive mechanical ventilation, the use of low tidal volumes and low airway pressures prevents lung injury and improves patient outcomes. Limited evidence, however, informs the... expand

Landmark trials in critical care have demonstrated that, among critically ill adults receiving invasive mechanical ventilation, the use of low tidal volumes and low airway pressures prevents lung injury and improves patient outcomes. Limited evidence, however, informs the best method of mechanical ventilation to achieve these targets. To provide mechanical ventilation, clinicians must choose between modes of ventilation that directly control tidal volumes ("volume control"), modes that directly control the inspiratory airway pressure ("pressure control"), and modes that are hybrids ("adaptive pressure control"). Whether the choice of the mode used to target low tidal volumes and low inspiratory plateau pressures affects clinical outcomes for critically ill adults receiving mechanical ventilation is unknown. All three modes of mechanical ventilation are commonly used in clinical practice. A large, multicenter randomized trial comparing available modes of mechanical ventilation is needed to understand the effect of each mode on clinical outcomes. The investigators propose a 9-month cluster-randomized cluster-crossover pilot trial evaluating the feasibility of comparing three modes (volume control, pressure control, and adaptive pressure control) for mechanically ventilated ICU patients with regard to the outcome of days alive and free of invasive mechanical ventilation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2022

open study

Depuy Synthes Lower Extremity Shaft Nail Registry
Femoral Fractures Tibial Fractures
The purpose of this post-market registry is to monitor the clinical safety and performance (union rates and time to union) of two DePuy Synthes lower extremity shaft nails: RFN-Advanced Retrograde Femoral Nailing System (RFNA) and TN-Advanced Tibial Nailing System (TNA) in... expand

The purpose of this post-market registry is to monitor the clinical safety and performance (union rates and time to union) of two DePuy Synthes lower extremity shaft nails: RFN-Advanced Retrograde Femoral Nailing System (RFNA) and TN-Advanced Tibial Nailing System (TNA) in participants who have experienced femoral or tibial fractures, respectively, requiring fixation and stabilization or who require a revision due to a malunion or a nonunion.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: May 2022

open study

RNS System NAUTILUS Study
Epilepsy Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizure
To demonstrate that the RNS System for thalamic stimulation is safe and effective as an adjunctive therapy for the reduction of primary generalized seizures in individuals 12 years of age or older who have drug-resistant idiopathic generalized epilepsy. expand

To demonstrate that the RNS System for thalamic stimulation is safe and effective as an adjunctive therapy for the reduction of primary generalized seizures in individuals 12 years of age or older who have drug-resistant idiopathic generalized epilepsy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

Study to Assess Dose, Efficacy and Safety of Setrusumab in Participants With Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
The primary objectives of the study are to identify a setrusumab dosing strategy in participants with OI and to evaluate the effect of setrusumab vs placebo on reduction in fracture rate. expand

The primary objectives of the study are to identify a setrusumab dosing strategy in participants with OI and to evaluate the effect of setrusumab vs placebo on reduction in fracture rate.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2022

open study

Study to Compare Tivozanib in Combination With Nivolumab to Tivozanib Monotherapy in Subjects With Renal...
Renal Cell Carcinoma
This study will be comparing tivozanib in combination with nivolumab to tivozanib alone in subjects with advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) who have had 1 or 2 prior lines of therapy, one of which was an Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor (ICI). expand

This study will be comparing tivozanib in combination with nivolumab to tivozanib alone in subjects with advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) who have had 1 or 2 prior lines of therapy, one of which was an Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor (ICI).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2021

open study

Study of INBRX-109 in Conventional Chondrosarcoma
Conventional Chondrosarcoma
Randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled, Phase 2 study of INBRX-109 in unresectable or metastatic conventional chondrosarcoma patients. expand

Randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled, Phase 2 study of INBRX-109 in unresectable or metastatic conventional chondrosarcoma patients.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2021

open study